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I have had a strong interest in the Civil War most of my life. In this short book I have researched the names of my ancestors who were soldiers in that war and have located 59 of them.
I have written a short synopsis on each of them showing his full name and dates of birth and death. If I knew his military rank, I have included that in the write-up. I have also listed the names and years of birth of both his parents if I have such information as well as the name of his wife or wives and their birth/death dates.
I have listed his children by name and year of birth and in some instances given more data on some of them.
I have written some information on some of their parents that I deemed pertinent or interesting. In my research I discovered some anecdotes written by others about some of these men and have included many of those. A few had detailed information available and I included much of that information.
On a few battles in the War I have included what I considered interesting information, particularly the Battle of Malvern Hill where I lost three relatives and the Battle of Drewry’s Bluff. The information on these two battles is included in a footnote for each battle. After awhile you begin thinking of these men as great patriots for the cause, regardless of the side each one chose.
Yes, I found a few Yankee cousins and even some brothers who fought on different sides. All my life I had heard of families being split between the North and the South but until I ran into these five brothers, I had no idea it really happened.
Because of the intermarriage between cousins, I discovered that I was related to most family members in more than one way. For most of my life I knew my own parents were related. Daddy’s paternal grandfather Daniel Livingston Martin was my Mama’s great grandfather. That is because Daniel first married Malinda Ann Armstrong who bore him one child, a son they named John Lee Martin. Then Malinda died and Daniel married a second time to Mary Susan Elisabeth Hankins. From that union came Thomas Jackson Martin who was my daddy Jesse’s father.
Because of that, John Lee Martin was the half brother of Thomas Jackson Martin. They had the same father but a different mother. John Lee had a daughter he named Lillie Ann Martin who married John Tyler Turner, Jr. From that union was born Ila Ann Turner, my mother. So if you will write down those names on a sheet of paper and study them you will see that Lillie Ann Martin and Jesse S Martin were half first cousins. Children of siblings are always first cousins, in this case half-first cousins because of the different mothers.
I remember as a child that my mother called my father’s parents “Uncle Tom and Aunt Clara.” It took some time before I realized they really were. Also, daddy’s mother (Clara Martin Richardson) called her husband, Thomas Jackson Martin “cousin Tom” before she married him. I have a copy of a letter she wrote him and she addressed him as “Cousin Tom” in the letter. It took me some time before I could figure out why she did this. I believe she really thought he was her cousin, but he WAS NOT.
This has to have been her reasoning: Clara’s father, William Arnold Richardson married Elizabeth “Bettie” Armstrong, the daughter of Theophilus Armstrong and his second wife, Ann Moore. Theophilus’ first wife was Milly Burgess and they had a daughter whom they named Malinda Ann. Malinda was the first wife of Daniel Livingston Martin and as already stated, she bore to Daniel their son, John Lee.
Now we have to consider the two Armstrong girls, Malinda and Bettie, who were both daughters of Theophilus, but had different mothers. Consequently, they were half-sisters. So Malinda had a son named John Lee Martin and Bettie had a daughter named Clara Martin Richardson so naturally they were cousins, really, half-first cousins. First cousins must have common grandparents. In this case they had only one common maternal grandparent, Theophilus Armstrong, so each had only a half “set of common maternal grandparents.” Because each of them had a different maternal grandmother, they were only half-first cousins.
Now Thomas Jackson Martin enters the picture. He was born 2 November 1866, 10 years after John Lee’s birth on 7 November 1856. He was the “brother” (half-brother) of John Lee Martin and John Lee was the legitimate half-first cousin of Clara Martin Richardson… because Clara and John shared a common grandparent, Theophilus Armstrong. So Clara naturally assumed that if John Lee was her “cousin” that his brother Tom must also be her “cousin.” That is a natural assumption, but in this case it was wrong. The reason it was wrong is this: Remember the rule that first cousins must share common grandparents? This is a natural law and cannot be broken.
Thomas Jackson Martin’s maternal grandparents were John D Hankins (father of Mary Susan Elisabeth) and Mary Jane Foster (wife of John Hankins).
His paternal grandparents were Abner Martin and wife Jane Reamy Jones (parents of Daniel L Martin).
Clara Martin Richardson’s maternal grandparents were Theophilus Armstrong and his second wife Ann Moore.
Her paternal grandparents were George W Richardson and Clarissa Harvey Martin. (Clarissa came from a different set of Martins, another long-long story).
These are simple facts, so they cannot be kin to one another, since they do not share any grandparent.
Consider Clara’s situation, though. She was a year older than Tom (although she misstated her year of birth making herself a year younger than Tom). She knew cousin John Lee from birth, since he was 9 years older than she. She never remembered a time when “cousin” Tom and “cousin” John Lee didn’t live together when they were growing up. She may not have known for many years that they had different mothers. John Lee naturally lived with his father Daniel and his second wife Mary Susan Hankins and he was only five years old when Daniel married Mary in November 1861. John Lee was not quite four years old when his mother Malinda died in September 1860.
So in all probability, John Lee didn’t remember his mother or if he did it was just scant information about her. He probably thought of Mary Susan as his mother so when his second brother Tom was born in 1866, he was only 10 years old. (Mary Susan’s first child was a boy also, James D, born in August 1864.)
Now Clara was born in 1865 and they all grew up in the same community in Henry County VA. She naturally considered all of John Lee’s siblings be her cousins because John Lee was.
I hope the information is as interesting for you as it has been for me as I have gathered it. (J. T. Martin, October 13, 2003.)
ARMSTRONG, James: Great Grand Uncle: 1835-6 May 1864. Page 1
ARMSTRONG, John Ramey: Great Grand Uncle: 4 Nov 1845-15 Feb 1920. Page 3
ARMSTRONG, Joseph H: Great Grand Uncle: 14 Apr 1843-5 Oct 1862. Page 1
BABER, Benjamin Franklin: 3rd cousin 3X removed: 25 Apr 1838-24 Jul 1908 Page 5
BABER, Isham Martin: 3rd cousin 3X removed: 22 Aug 1833-7 Sep 1889 Page 5
BABER, William: 3rd cousin 3X removed: 14 Aug 1840-13 May 1914 Page 5
BOATRIGHT, Chesley H: 2nd cousin 3X removed: 10 May 1824-10 Jan 1863 Page 7
BOATRIGHT, Chesley Taylor: 2nd cousin 4X removed: 13 Jun 1834-11 Jan 1863 Page 14
BOATRIGHT, Francis Alexander: 3d cousin 3X removed: 17Jan 1838-27Dec1918 Page 18
BOATRIGHT, Jacob Gates: 3rd cousin 3X removed: 5 Sep 1835-26 Aug 1923 Page 19
BOATRIGHT, James S: 2nd cousin 3X removed: 1822-25 Nov 1862 Page 16
BOATRIGHT, Jesse N: 2nd cousin 3X removed: 17 Nov 1832-14 May 1905 Page 15
BOATRIGHT, Jesse Stinson: 2nd cousin 3X removed: 11 Dec 1830-9 Nov 1905 Page 18
BOATRIGHT, John Thomas: 3rd cousin 3X removed: 29 Nov 1845-14 Nov 1917 Page 20
BOATRIGHT, John W: 2nd cousin 3X removed: 1818-24 April 1862 Page 17
BOATRIGHT, Joseph Marion: 3rd cousin 3X removed: 18 Feb 1841-1865 Page 19
BOATRIGHT, Linier “Lewis”: 2nd cousin 3X removed: 1835-10 Sep 1862 Page 15
BOATRIGHT, Samuel Orson: 3rd cousin 3X removed: 17 May 1855-19 Aug 1864 Page 20
BOATRIGHT, Sidney: 3rd cousin 2X removed: 1850-? Page 21
BOATRIGHT, William Cleaton: 2nd cousin 3X removed: 1839-10 Sep 1862 Page 16
BOATRIGHT, William Taylor: 3rd cousin 3X removed: 5 Jan 1847-22 Dec 1933. Page 20
FAGAN, James Fleming: 3rd cousin 3X removed: 1 Mar 1828-1 Sep 1893 Page 21
JONES, Abram Gabriel: 2nd cousin 3X removed: 6 Sep 1844- died after 1925 Page 23
JONES, James Benjamin: 2nd cousin 3X removed: 1846-1911 Page 24
KYLE, Robert Benjamin, Colonel, CSA: 1st cousin 4X removed: 1828-1922 Page 23
MARTIN, Benjamin Rush: Great Grand Uncle: 11 Feb 1836-1 Jul 1862 Page 24
MARTIN, Brice III: 2nd cousin 3X removed: 1833-1865 Page 29
MARTIN, Daniel Livingston: Great Grandfather: 20 Jan 1832-25 July 1906 Page 26
MARTIN, George Canning: 1st cousin, 3X removed: 20 Nov 1827-30 July 1864 Page 29
MARTIN, James Orson: 1st cousin 3X removed: 29Dec1827- died betw. 1861-1865 Page 36
MARTIN, John Floyd: Great Grand Uncle: Jan 1834-22 Jan 1862 Page 26
MARTIN, John Milton: 2nd cousin, 3X removed: 8 May 1839-24 March 1864 Page 31
MARTIN, John W: 1st cousin 3X removed: 19 Jun 1842-1862 Page 36
MARTIN, Joseph IV: 1st cousin 4X removed: I don’t have his birth/death dates. Page 36
MARTIN, Joseph Addison: Great Grand Uncle: 15 Sep 1845-10 May 1865 Page 26
MARTIN, Joseph Henry: 2nd cousin, 3X removed: 24 March 1841-23 Jan 1879 Page 32
MARTIN, Lafayette “Bud” Jackson: 1st cousin 3X removed: 1833-Aft. 1882 Page 31
MARTIN, Orson W.: 2nd cousin 3X removed: 1831-5 Aug 1861 page 38
MARTIN, Orson (VII): 2nd cousin, 3X removed: about 1839-? Page 29
MARTIN, Richard Hamilton: 1st cousin 4X removed: 11 April 1841-6 June 1917 Page 38
MARTIN, Richard Shelton: 1st cousin 3X removed: 12 Dec 1839-26 Nov 1883 Page 38
MARTIN, Robert Childress: 2nd cousin 3X removed: 28March 1843-18Oct 1921 Page 32
MARTIN, Stephen: 1st cousin 3X removed: 29 Sep 1832-24 April 1862 Page 36
MARTIN, Stephen Lafayette: Great Grand Uncle: 25 Aug 1825-died after 1900 Page 29
MARTIN, Thomas (Capt.): 1st cousin 4X removed: born 1820-1825-died 1Jul 1862 Page 36
MARTIN, William (Colonel): 1st cousin 4X removed: 1814-1888 Page 37
MARTIN, William Orson, II: 2nd cousin 3X removed: 1 Apr 1837-4 Sept 1910 Page 34
MARTIN, William Plunkett: 1st cousin 3X removed: 17 Aug 1836-1 Jul 1862 Page 38
MARTIN, William Watkins: 1st cousin 4X removed: 7 Mar 1845-22 Oct 1863 Page 39
MINTER, Stephen Hubbard: husband of half great-grand aunt: 1827-1907 Page 39
REAMY, Daniel Webster: 1st cousin 5X removed: 18 Aug 1838-2 Jun 1908 Page 44
REAMY, Henry Clay: 1st cousin 5X removed: 7 Apr 1841-18 Sep 1861 Page 45
REAMY, John Starling: 1st cousin 5X removed: 25 Nov 1830-6 Aug 1861 Page 45
REAMY, Peter Randolph: 1st cousin 5X removed: 12 Jan 1829-1 Jan 1891 Page 46
RICHARDSON, George Lafayette: Great Grand Uncle: 9 Nov 1843-7 Jun 1914 Page 41
RICHARDSON, Jesse Martin: Great Grand Uncle: 5 May 1837-5 May 1865 Page 41
RICHARDSON, William Arnold: Great Grandfather: 5 Dec 1835-15 Oct 1913 Page 40
TURNER, John Tyler, Sr.: Great-grandfather: 9 Jun 1842-14 Jun 1900 Page 41
TURNER, Monroe L: Great-Great Uncle: 1830-24 Dec 1862 Page 41
ANCESTORS OF JOHN THOMAS MARTIN IN THE CIVIL WAR 1861-1865
ARMSTRONG, Joseph H: Great Grand Uncle: Born 14 Apr 1843, died 5 Oct 1862.
James and Joseph Armstrong were the sons of Theophilus Armstrong and Ann Moore of Henry County VA. They joined the Confederate States Army on 5 June 1861 at Lynchburg, VA and were assigned to Company "H" 24th Virginia Infantry.
James developed jaundice and was hospitalized in Chimborazo Hospital,
Richmond VA from 8 December 1861 to 8 January 1862 and then released back to his command for duty.
Later he was captured at Williamsburg VA and still later either paroled or exchanged at Fortress Monroe VA. He was killed in the Battle of Drewry's Bluff on 16 May 1864. He was one of 400 Rebel soldiers and 422 Yanks who died in that battle which lasted from May 12th to the 16th. 2,380 Yanks and 2000 Rebels were wounded. There were two battles at Drewry’s Bluff, one in 1862 and this one in 1864.
Joseph H. Armstrong (James' brother) was also sick and in Chimborazo Hospital with typhoid fever during the summer of 1861. Joseph died in Richmond VA from typhoid fever on 10 May 1862 and his body was returned to Henry County and buried at the old Armstrong cemetery in Irisburg. There is no grave marker for him in this cemetery. Joseph served under Colonel Jubal H. Early. His brother James also served with Early at one time.
I visited the Armstrong family cemetery in Irisburg with my sister Virginia, her husband Frontis Cochran and my wife Velma in 1987 when we were on our cross-country motor home trip. The only grave marker there was that of Theophilus, although Theophilus’ third and last wife, Sarah Jane Martin and his son Joseph are buried there.
ARMSTRONG, John Ramey: Great Grand Uncle: Born 4 Nov 1845 in Henry County VA, died 15 Feb 1920. Married Hattie S. Baugh 2 October 1867. He was the youngest child and youngest of the four sons of Theophilus Armstrong and Ann Moore of Henry County VA.
John’s middle name "Ramey" was a family name. One of his ancestors was named John “Reamey.” The name "Reamey" was of French origin, first called “de Remi" and later Americanized to de Reamey and then to "Reamey" or “Ramey.”
John R. Armstrong at the age of 19 enlisted in K Company, 10th Virginia Cavalry, in April 1864 at Spotsylvania Courthouse. He served under Col. Caskie and Captain Graham. John left service at the surrender of the Confederate Army in April 1865.
John and Hattie had at least one child, Fannie Gardner Armstrong, born about 1870. She married Dr. Jesse Martin Shackelford, her first cousin.
John served in the Virginia House of delegates from 1895 to 1896.
The father of these Armstrong brothers was Theophilus Armstrong. Theophilus was married 3 times. John, James and Joseph were by his second wife, Ann Moore and she and Theophilus had 4 sons and 4 daughters.
The fourth son was William T. Armstrong. William and John were both born in 1845 but I don’t think they were twins. I do not know if William was in the war or not but suspect he was not. He lived in Henry County and he and his wife Mary were listed in the Henry County Census for 1870. That 1870 Census said he was a farmer, aged 25 and that his wife was aged 30.
Sometime during that decade they moved to Monroe County WV where they were listed in the 1880 Census (Reference 929.3754.) He died in Monroe County WV.
The blood of Theophilus Armstrong courses through the veins of many of my ancestors. He had many children and quite a few of them and their progeny married into the Martin family in Henry County VA. His daughter Malinda Ann Armstrong
(1830-1860), a product of Theophilus and his first wife Milly Burgess, married Daniel Livingston Martin (1832-1906). Malinda and Daniel were both natives of Irisburg, Henry County Virginia.
Daniel Livingston Martin was both my great grandfather and my great-great grandfather. He was my mother’s great grandfather and my father’s grandfather. Daniel and Malinda had only one child, John Lee Martin, born in 1856. When John Lee was 4 years old, his mother died and his father remarried in 1861 to Mary Susan Elisabeth Hankins (1844-1893). From that union was born Thomas Jackson Martin (1866-1942) who was my father Jesse Shackelford Martin’s (1895-1938) father. I was born in 1928.
John Lee married Anna Bullington (1853-1938), a Henry County girl, on 12 December 1877 and their first child born 10 months later was Lillie Ann Martin (1878-1954). Lillie Ann married John Tyler Turner, Jr. (1874-1940) and their second child was Ila Ann Turner (1901-1978) who was my mother.
Back to Theophilus Armstrong. His daughter Keturah Armstrong (1832-1902) by first wife Milly Burgess married Stephen Hubbard “Hub” Minter (1827-1907). Hub was in the Civil War. He and Kittie (as she was known) had 11 children. (I have listed them and their descendants under the write-up on Stephen Hubbard Minter that follows later.) One of their daughters, Matilda T. Minter married Abner M. Martin (1851-1915). Matilda was my half first cousin twice removed. She is related to me through her mother Keturah “Kittie” Armstrong, daughter of Theophilus Armstrong. Her husband Abner M. Martin is my first cousin twice removed. Abner M.’s father was Stephen Lafayette Martin (1825-1900). Stephen Lafayette was the brother of Daniel Livingston Martin (my great and great-great grandfather).
Theophilus’ daughter Elizabeth Starling Armstrong who was called “Bettie” was his second child by his second wife Ann Moore. Bettie married William Arnold Richardson (1835-1913) also of Henry County. They had nine children. There is more information on William in his individual write-up that follows later.
So it is obvious how Theophilus Armstrong was a strong thread in our family. Mary Cahill, his great granddaughter has written a comprehensive history on him called Theophilus Armstrong of Henry County VA.
Through his daughter Malinda who married Daniel Livingston Martin I am descended. She was my great-great grandmother. Theophilus was my 3rd great grandfather through her.
Through his daughter Elizabeth who married William Arnold Richardson I am descended. “Bettie” was my great grandmother and through her Theophilus was my second great grandfather. Thusly, two of his daughters by two different wives were my great and great-great grandmothers.
Theophilus married the third time to Sarah Jane Martin, the sister of Daniel Livingston Martin who was his son-in-law.
Theophilus’ daughter Matilda married John Floyd Martin. John was the
brother of Sarah Jane Martin, Theophilus’ third wife.
BABER, Benjamin Franklin: 3rd cousin three times removed. Born 25 Apr 1838, in Richmond, Ray County, MO. He died 24 July 1908 in Ray County. He married Margaret Rachel Magill on 21 Nov 1867.
Benjamin Franklin Baber was the son of Thomas Baber and Clarissa Gordon. He entered the Confederate Army on 9 December 1861 in Company A, 3rd Missouri Infantry under the command of R J Williams. He was captured at Vicksburg and afterward paroled. His brother William joined this same Missouri Company 2 days before Benjamin. William was also captured at Vicksburg. Following this, Benjamin participated in the Georgia campaign and was in the thickest of fighting for 100 days.
He was captured a second time at Fort Blakely, Alabama and sent to Ship Island where he was detained until the close of the Civil War. He remained in the south for a few months taking care of a sick soldier friend. After this friend died he returned home to Missouri. Although Benjamin was captured twice and endured hard fighting, he was never wounded.
He married Margaret Magill in Nov 1867 and they had ten children: Edwin Clay (1869), Lora May (1870), Myrtle Matilda (1872), Harry Carr (1874), Sarah Mabel (1876), Clarissa Lucille (1879), William Thomas (1881), Forest Lee (1884), Minnie Grace (1886) and John Franklin 1889.
Two of Benjamin’s brothers were also in the war, Isham Martin and William. All three brothers survived the War.
BABER, Isham Martin: 3rd cousin three times removed. Born 22 Aug 1833, died 7 Sep 1889. He was the son of Thomas Baber and Clarissa Gordon. He married Mary Eleanor Bullock on 24 Jan 1865.
Isham moved with his family to Missouri when he was about one year old. He was the oldest of 5 brothers. He and his next two brothers, Benjamin Franklin and William all volunteered and served in the Confederate army.
Isham and Mary had two children: Effie Louisa (1866) and Charles Taylor (1868).
BABER, William: 3rd cousin three times removed. Born 14 Aug 1840, died 13 May 1914. Married Phoebe Brown on 21 Aug 1866.
William entered the Confederate Army on 7 December 1861, joining Company A, 3rd Missouri Infantry. This was 2 days before his brother Benjamin Franklin Baber joined the same unit. His brother Isham was also a Confederate soldier.
William was engaged in battles at Lexington Missouri, Pea Ridge Arkansas, Corinth, Iuka and Vicksburg Mississippi and Atlanta Georgia.
He was taken prisoner at Vicksburg as was his brother Benjamin. William was discharged from the service on 22 May 1865 after which he returned home to Ray County MO.
William and Phoebe had seven children: Estella (1867), Mary Adaline (1869),
Joseph Edward (1872), Robert Dudley (1877), Floyd (1881), Clara Burnett (1883) and Royal David (1890).
These three Baber brothers are related to me in the following manner:
Isham Martin Baber (1833), Benjamin Franklin Baber (1838) and William Baber (1840) were sons of Thomas Baber (1800) and Clarissa Gordon (1809). Both parents were from Clark County KY.
Thomas Baber was the son of Obadiah Baber (ca 1759) and Hannah Delilah Martin (1761). Obadiah was born in Virginia as was his wife Hannah. Obadiah was a soldier in the American Revolutionary War. The proof of this is an 1844 application for a Revolutionary War pension that his widow Hannah made stating that Obadiah had had two tours of duty in that War under the command of Kash or Cash. Obadiah and his wife Hannah lived in Fluvanna County VA. Their first three children, Hiram, Isham and Rachel were born there but in March 1786 they moved to Fayette County VA. Later this county became Clark County KY. Their former home in Fluvanna County VA was not sold until 6 July 1791 at which time the deed showed their present residence was in Fayette County VA. It was after that date that Fayette became Clark County KY.
Hannah Delilah Martin Baber had five brothers and seven sisters. Her sister Elizabeth Martin and four of her brothers, William, Orson, John and Valentine Martin all moved along with them to Fayette County VA (Clark County KY) in 1786. They settled on Four Mile Creek and remained there until Obadiah died in 1822. Later, Hannah sold her belongings and moved in with her daughter Rachel, wife of Randall Gordon, remaining with the Gordon’s until Hannah's death in about 1845. In 1844 Hannah made application for a Revolutionary War pension stating Obadiah had two tours of duty in that War as previously stated.
Hannah Martin Baber had other siblings with KY connections. Her sister Jane Martin was born in VA on 13 Jul 1759 and died in Clark County KY. On 2 Nov 1818. Jane married Joseph Lawrence Stevens (1758-1827) and they had 9 children: Joseph Jr, John Martin, James, Rachael, William, Catherine “Kitty,” Nancy, Patrick Martin and Jane.
Hannah’s sister Rachel Martin was born in VA on 22 Aug1768 and died in Clark County KY on her birthday, 22 Aug 1860. Rachel married Francis Bush and they had 7 children: Fanny, Sally, Lucy, Jordan, Fielding G., and William Tandy II.
Hannah’s sister Mary Martin was born in Fluvanna County VA on 13 Mar 1772 and died in Clark County KY on 28 April 1850. She married Samuel Tribble (31 Dec 1771) in Clark County KY in 1791.
Hannah’s sister Sarah “Sallie” Martin was born in Clark County KY on 13 Sep 1780 and died in Clark County KY on 29 Jan 1859. She married Captain John Vivion Bush (12 Oct 1778-1820) in Clark County on 29 Nov 1802. They had two children, John, Jr and Sarah Martin.
A descendant of Thomas Baber, Lora Baber of Richmond MO told
genealogist John Robert Martin that “in October 1830 Thomas Baber rode horseback from Clark County KY to Missouri. He bought 640 acres of land which was one and one-half miles southwest of Richmond MO. He paid the Federal government $1.25 per acre for the land which was the entry fee for the state of Missouri.
Thomas Baber returned to Kentucky and remained there until the death of his father Obadiah. He then returned to Missouri bringing his family with him in a covered wagon.”
The story above is intriguing but slightly incorrect. Obadiah Baber died in Clark County KY on 28 January 1822; therefore it is impossible that his son Tom could have come back from his Missouri trip in 1830. I suspect that the son Tom made the Missouri trip in October 1820 and that at some time during the re-telling of this story someone typing this story inadvertently changed the date from 1820 to 1830. Tom was born in November 1800 and would have been almost 20 years old in October 1820. For a 20 year old, that trip would have been very possible and likely. So as the story went, he came back to his father’s place in Clark County KY and stayed until his father Obadiah died in January 1822, a period of 15 months from the start of his trip until his father’s death. (A descendant of Tom’s, Mrs. L H W Hall and her sister and brother possessed the original land grant papers for these 640 acres in 1960). Thomas' son, Benjamin Franklin Baber retained his interest in his father's farm until Benjamin died in 1908.
The family brought an old Seth Thomas clock with wooden works with them when they left Virginia. This clock was made in Plymouth in about 1808. A granddaughter named Sallie Baber Cravens owned it at one time.
Thomas did not have the opportunity to get an education as a boy but his desire to learn was so strong that after reaching manhood he earned enough money to attend school where he received quite a liberal education. He worked hard at night to earn money enabling him to pay his room and board. When he was about 18 years old he began to support himself by working as a boat hand on a flat boat that carried tobacco cargoes to New Orleans. Later he and a relative formed a partnership and they carried cargo down the Mississippi and Ohio rivers to New Orleans mostly during the summers. During the winters, they would drive hogs to different states. (Much of this information came from Lora Baber, Richmond MO, that she related to John Robert Martin.)
BOATRIGHT, Chesley H: 2nd cousin three times removed. Born 10 May 1824, died 10 January 1863. He was the son of William Boatright (1797-1887). It was assumed that he was a Confederate soldier but that is questionable. He was a Southerner with definite Confederate sympathies and was definitely killed by Yankee soldiers on the date above in what has come to be known as the HUNTSVILLE MASSACRE. This man has been confused with a similarly named cousin Chesley Taylor Boatright. The following article written by a newspaper reporter gives great details on this man and the circumstances surrounding his death:
Written by John I. Smith of Fayetteville, Arkansas, regarding the Huntsville
Massacre. This article was published in Section B, Northwest Arkansas Times, Fayetteville, Arkansas, on Sunday, September 8, 1974:
In and around Huntsville, in Madison County Arkansas in late 1862 and 1863, a more than usual number of Confederate guerilla bands were camping and hiding. Guerilla warfare is ordinarily carried on by the defenders in enemy territory. Since much of the northern part of the South was occupied by Federals during the Civil War, many southern sympathizers practiced guerilla tactics against the invaders. In this same section (northern part of the South) lived many people of Union sympathies, and they practiced guerilla tactics against the Confederacy until the Union armies arrived.
Neither of the two opposing governments fully approved of guerilla warfare, preferring instead that these partisans enroll in the regular armies whenever they could. Thus, when a strong government was established by either side, guerilla warfare died down. Some guerillas were neither Confederate nor Union, but shifted their supposed allegiance as necessity demanded. In short, they were criminals.
Madison County was ideally suited for the hiding grounds of guerilla forces. It had the clear spring creeks for campsites and ample farm products - grain, forage, hogs, and cattle for food for the men and to feed their horses.
Then, too, the main line of the Federal invasion of western Arkansas was from Springfield, Missouri through Benton, Washington, and Crawford Counties to Fort Smith. Thus, the opposing guerillas could camp in Madison County to the east of this line and strike the Federals, then retreat back to their encampments.
The first conflicts of the war on the western frontier in 1861 occurred in Missouri with a major battle on September 10, 1861, at Wilson's Creek, ten miles south of Springfield. While this fight, partially due to the loss of Federal General Nathaniel Lyon, has been considered a Southern victory, it was followed soon by the withdrawal of Southern troops to points south of the Missouri line.
On March 6, 1862, the Confederates were defeated at Pea Ridge or Elkhorn Tavern in the northeastern part of Benton County, and the Confederates under General Van Corn were sent east of the Mississippi River. As these retreats occurred, some confederate troops, not wanting to leave their families and their homelands entirely unprotected, broke away from the main army, or were cut off from it, and they carried on guerilla tactics against the Federals in northwestern Arkansas.
During the summer and late fall of 1862, Isaac Murphy of Huntsville was a refugee in the Federal quarters at Elkhorn Tavern, having fled to the Union Army after the Battle of Pea Ridge. His daughters remained in Huntsville and were brave enough to visit him at Elkhorn Tavern in the fall. (It might be mentioned here that Isaac Murphy was an early citizen of Washington County, our first county treasurer after statehood, twice our representative in the General Assembly, and a noted educator along with Macklin, Leverett, and others, before moving to Huntsville. He was also the only Unionist who voted against secession and the first post war governor of Arkansas.)
Because of increasing guerilla tactics, Colonel A. W. Bishop, one of the Federal
commanders at Elkhorn, on November 16, furnished an escort of 25 Federal troops to accompany the Murphy daughters back to their home in the east part of Huntsville. When about one mile from their destination, the escort, not realizing the strength of the Confederate guerillas, sent the daughters on their way home while they enjoyed a rest. The escort was surprised and so thoroughly defeated, that only seven of them made it back to camp at Elkhorn Tavern.
On the following December 7 at Prairie Grove, the Federals under Generals Herron and Blunt tangled with the Confederates under General Hindman. It was a close battle, but Hindman, because of a serious shortage of supplies, ordered a retreat to Fort Smith. Again, as a result of small bands breaking away from the Confederate Army, guerilla activities increased east of the Federal line of operations, especially in Madison County.
The Federal strategy was then to leave General Blunt to handle the Federal cause in northeast Oklahoma and northwest Arkansas, and for General Herron to take his 5000 troops northeast to the Mississippi River to join General Grant in his push toward Vicksburg. As a result of word reaching the youthful Herron (he was only 25) of guerilla activities around Huntsville and to clear the path for his northeasterly march, he sent Lt. Colonel James Stewart, then stationed at Fayetteville, to Huntsville to disperse the guerillas. His report (page 155, Volume XXII, Series I, War of Rebellion) stated:
" I found the enemy, 150 strong, had been in there all night of the 18th, and committed depredations on all of the Union families in that vicinity, more especially that of Judge Murphy (Isaac Murphy), the ladies of whose family they stripped of everything but what was on their bodies, leaving them in destitute condition.
"After leaving Huntsville some of them proceeded down War Eagle Creek, others toward Carrollton, scattering all through the country in small parties of twos and threes. I caught 15 stragglers from the rebel army and patrolled them. They had all left the army immediately after the Battle of Prairie Grove."
The march of Herron's Army to the Mississippi began in early January 1863. He and his Staff, including Isaac Murphy, reached Huntsville about January 7th and left on the early morning of the 10th. On the 12th, Herron wrote from Carrollton (pre-civil war county seat of Carroll County, 30 miles northeast of Huntsville) to his superior, General Schofield:
"I have tried at this place, having made but slow progress moving over these terrible roads with artillery and wagons. The country is full of bushwhackers, who annoy us very much. Our men shot one or two the other side of Huntsville."
Herron had previously reported to his supervisors on the 7th that Jackman (undoubtedly Confederate Colonel Sidney D. Jackman) had a large group of guerillas on King's River to the east of Huntsville. These fast striking troops were feared by the Federals, who often executed guerillas, or 'supposed' guerillas.
However, after Herron and his staff had left Huntsville on the 10th, an outrage
occurred there which has received little historical notice. Considering the number of men murdered, their standing in northwest Arkansas, and the triviality of their offense, if any, this certainly was a serious outrage. It was crueler than the execution of 10 men by the Federal General John McNeil at Palmyra, Missouri on the previous October 18th.
Note: The first notice that the writer of this article saw of this outrage appears on page 24 of James R. Berry's memoirs, which were written in 1906. The memoirs stated:
"The soldiers (Herron's) took a great many prisoners, put them in the guard house, and foraged considerably over the country. The command was on the move east. The night before the army left in the early morning, twelve of the men in the guard house (these were captured Confederates) were called out and put in charge of a squad of (Federal) soldiers and marched about a mile east of town and were shot to death by this squad of (Federal) soldiers.
"They were in the most part some of the best citizens in the country. W. M. Berry, Boatright, Moody (first names not given), and others were among those shot. Hugh Berry, son of W. M. Berry, lived over until the next day and told the circumstances of the shooting.
"There was evidence to prove that one E. D. Ham, who was bitter against some of these men that were shot, instigated the whole matter; since he told on the night before the shooting in the morning, that they would be killed. He had this talk, as it was charged, 10 miles west of Huntsville.
"The men were buried, some in Huntsville, and other's in the Alabama (now called Alabam) cemetery. That killing caused great bitterness in Madison County, and was an outrageous murder of these men."
Berry's memoirs mentions this outrage in two places (the other one on page 3), and this other one implicates an unnamed Federal provost Marshall of Herron's. A very little man and much given to whiskey and was said to be drunk most of the time."
James R. Berry was living in Little Rock at the time of this occurrence, but returned to Huntsville in late April 1863, and his account of the affair, though fresh in the minds of the people, was taken from others' remarks, not his own observations. However, in all subsequent investigations, no evidence was found that implicated E. D. Ham.
Note: Not then being able to secure any local information, the writer of this article made a search of Volume XXII, Series I, Part 2 of War of Rebellion which cover's Herron's march to the Mississippi River. A letter was found on page 74, dated January 25, 1863, from Colonel James O. Gower, 1st Iowa Cavalry, 3rd Division, to Colonel C. W. Marsh, assistant adjutant general. It was written from Forsythe, Missouri, which was in the line of march of Herron's army. The letter stated:
"I have called upon Lieutenant Colonel Baldwin (Lt. Col. Elias Baldwin, 8th Missouri Cavalry, 3rd Division Army of the Frontier) to furnish a written statement of what disposition was made of the nine prisoner's of war (referred to in Colonel Huston's letter) supposed to have been murdered at Huntsville, Arkansas, on the 10th, inst. And will report as soon as the matter can be investigated. I have no doubt but that some officer of this division ordered these men shot, and regard it myself as a great outrage."
This search failed to find the report of Elias Baldwin or the letter from Colonel Huston to Colonel Gower. However, the above letter verified the mass killing and establishes the date as January 10, 1863. Thus the writer made a search for the gravestones of the Berry's, Boatright, and Moody, and an inquiry to determine the names of the remaining persons murdered."
Note: The following is the second part of Mr. Smith's article printed in Section B, Northwest Arkansas Times, Fayetteville, Arkansas, on Sunday, September 15, 1974:
In the Huntsville Cemetery about 100 feet south of the gravestone of Isaac Murphy, father-in-law of James R. Berry (J. R. Berry was the writer of the memoirs) and Governor of Arkansas 1864-68, stands the gravestone of Chesley H. Boatright. The inscription shows ‘May 10, 1824, Died January 10, 1863.' Investigations show that he was a Presbyterian minister.
In the Alabam Cemetery (four miles northeast of Huntsville) appear, side by side, the stones of William and Hugh Berry. The Hugh Berry stone has been broken and shows no dates. The stone of William M. Berry has eroded but shows `Birth 1802 and death (very dim) January 10, 1863.'
No other stones, which show this date, have been found in near-Huntsville Cemeteries. However, these three show Masonic ensigns. Larry Bohanan, a descendant of Chesley Boatright and a reliable historian and genealogist of Madison County affirm that Chesley H. Boatright as well as John W. Moody were among the men murdered, but except for the two Berry's, he could not give the names of others murdered.
The Army career of Elias Baldwin as supplied by the National Archives and Records shows that he enlisted at Young America, Illinois, August 1, 1861, for three years. He was then 27 years old. He was promoted to provost position as Lieutenant Colonel January 7, 1863, three days before this murder. His orders at the time of his appointment were to keep the soldiers in line, infantrymen off horses, and to prevent the men's plundering, shooting, and otherwise violating orders - entirely different from this occurrence.
He resigned the commission January 27 when his arrest for this crime was ordered. He was arrested by Colonel Gower when he reached Forsythe on the 29th. He was sent from Forsythe to Colonel C. Crabbe, commander at Springfield, Missouri. He was to be held there and tried before a military commission consisting of General J. M. Schofield, Thomas Ewing, Jr. (a brother in law of General William T. Sherman), W. M. Hubbard, judge, and another whose name on this report is illegible.
The charge against him was violation off the 6th Article of War for the murder of prisoners of war, C. H. Boatright, W. M. Berry, Hugh Berry, Askin Hughes, John Hughes, Watson Stevens, J. W. Moody, and Young, called Parson Young; and "this before the C. H. Boatright et al had been tried, convicted, and sentenced to death by the legally constituted authority of the United States."
He was also charged with contempt and disrespect toward his commanding officer for failing to comply with a written request from James C. Gower dated January 24, 1863, ordering him to send a written statement as to what disposition was made of certain persons turned over to him as provost Marshall.
Baldwin did not go with the soldiers to do his shooting. Instead, they were sent under Sergeant Payne (first name not given), who, in his defense, fell back upon his orders from Baldwin. This testimony was not contradicted.
Baldwin's defense was simple: That whatever was done, was done with the knowledge and consent of the general commanding and others then and there present and not on his part. He asked that others then far away in the southeast, Missouri and elsewhere including General Herron and Judge Murphy be brought back as his defense witnesses.
Herron was then recuperating from illness and replied on March 10th that he did not know of the affair until after it happened and that it did not meet with his approbation. Baldwin must have known that General Herron, who was moving his army of 5000 rapidly toward the Mississippi River to join General Grant, could not return to Springfield merely for his defense.
Herron's illness could have been severe, for a Confederate scout or spy in late April reported to the Confederate forces that Herron was back in Springfield seriously ill and not expected to live. Judge Murphy (Isaac Murphy) was then in St. Louis where his daughters had been taken from Huntsville because of harassment by guerillas after the Federal Army passed through.
His daughters were ill in St. Louis, and Louisa died March 1 and Laura died March 13. Murphy, if he received the summons, had family trouble enough to excuse him from returning to Springfield. No written report of his is shown in the papers.
Since these two and others for the defense were not present, Baldwin was not further tried. Due to a multitude of illnesses, he was adjudged by the medical department as unfit for service and was given an honorable discharge June 24, 1863. He then lived in Illinois a year, in Iowa four years, in Franklin County, Kansas a year, and in Labette County, Kansas until he died March 21, 1921. There near Cheops and Oswego, Kansas he acquired a substantial farm, drew his veteran's pension, and served two successive terms as clerk of the District Court.
This outrage occurred on the McMinn Farm, formerly known as the Vaughn Farm, about one mile east of Huntsville on the banks of the Vaughn Branch and on the road that led to Carrollton. Vaughn's, (Bert Vaughn and others), and the present owner, Bill Coleman, can point out the spot where the men were shot down and five of them buried.
For nearly a century, a bed of mussel shells, placed there lovingly by children, marked the spot. Mrs. Elizabeth Vaughn, grandmother of Bert Vaughn of Huntsville, was then a widow, living about a quarter mile away. This lady left (told) the story about one of the men (who) fell to the ground after the shooting began, and acted as if shot.
One of the executioners felt (suspected) that he was acting dead, and fired a bullet into his head. The shot knocked out some of his teeth and caused him to lose blood. In spite of the pain he crawled to the Vaughn farm and begged for help. He was nursed back to health by Mrs. Vaughn and a month later left for Mississippi.
He came back one time after the war to see the place of the tragedy, but left again never to return. His name has not been known (or) if he was one of the eight listed in the charge against Baldwin, but perhaps he was. There is no reason to disbelieve grandmother Vaughn's story as repeated by her grandson, Bert Vaughn.
That W. M. Berry was a person of good standing is certain. He was the brother of State Senator John Berry, who had died in 1856. This John Berry was the father of James R. Berry, the son-in-law of Isaac Murphy, who also wrote the memoirs already mentioned. James R. Berry also served as the auditor of Arkansas from 1864 to 1866 and from 1868 to 1872 and again in 1874. W. M. Berry was also the brother of James M. Berry, the father of James Henderson Berry who served Arkansas as Speaker of the House of Representatives in 1874, Governor of Arkansas 1883-1885, and the United States Senator from 1885 to 1907.
This nephew of the murdered W. M. Berry was one of the most honored men in Arkansas politics in the latter half of the last century. The descendants of W. M. Berry have held prominent positions in Northwest Arkansas until this date.
Chesley Boatright and John W. Moody were also prominent men, and Watson Stevens was a cousin of the Berry's. Parson Young was surely the Baptist minister, R. C. Young, listed in the 1860 census, but not mentioned later. The two murdered Hughes men are unknown, but could have been from the adjoining southeastern part of Washington County, where a large number of Hughes have lived from then until now.
Mrs. Lizzie J. Mitchell, a grand niece of W. M. Berry, wrote about this event
at her home in Los Angeles, California in 1914-15. This was published in the Madison County Genealogist in 1971, Volume III-d. It states:
' Some of the men from Huntsville, officers of the blue uniform, came out and told these old men to come to Huntsville and take the oath of allegiance. Their wives did not want them to go but thought if they could stay at home and save what little was left, it would be better.
'I know some that went, one Uncle Bill Berry, Hugh Berry, Chesley Boatright, one cousin, Watt Stevens. The ones I have named were in the crowd of nine men in all who were brought out to the McRunnels farm and were told to prepare for death. Told them to turn their backs and shot every one of the old respectful men, left them for dead.'
Other details would be repetition. At least, this memoir gives some explanation as to why they were brought in to Huntsville. The name McRunnels is surely an error of forgetfulness in old age, for Huntsville people say it was McMinn.
This lady (Lizzie Mitchell) was 20 years old at the time of the outrage and had lived most of her life there. She was fairly well educated for that time, and had the facts as well as could be expected. Surely James O. Gower tried to bring the guilty to justice, but justice was handicapped by the war that was then raging. Justice is always handicapped by war; and it was handicapped by the hatreds that grew out of the guerilla warfare and other acts of war. No claim is here made that either side perpetrated more atrocities than the other.
At this date, we can only remember these men. They were not criminals and perhaps were not guerillas, and the sacrifices that they were compelled to make should be recorded in history. Since the guerillas were the only opposition that this army met in its advances, they were a very irritating threat, and often met by executions. The authorities already cited show that the shooting of guerillas continued all the while, and this policy was surely a possible factor in this tragedy.
Hateful remarks, or strenuous ones, were often made by political or military leaders with no thought that some overly zealous inferior would take the remark as an order and proceed to commit a revengeful crime. This occurrence had the markings of such an affair. At this date, we can only remember and honor these leading people for their needless sacrifice.
(End of article by reporter John I Smith).
(Personal Note from Ruth Boatright Parker: I copied this article from the Book "Old William Boatright and his Descendants" by Floy Bess Chancey, on loan from her son, J.P. Chancey.)
BOATRIGHT, Chesley Taylor: 2nd cousin four times removed. Chesley was born 13 June 1834 in Grainger County TN. He was killed 10 Jan 1863 in the Civil War. In January 1861 he married Elizabeth West of Tennessee 3 months before the Civil War began.
He was the son of Chesley Hood Boatright (1797) and Louisa Taylor (1801).
His father, Rev. Chesley Boatright, was a minister of the Missionary Baptist Church and a native of Virginia. He came to Madison County, Arkansas as a missionary of the Baptist Church when the country was only sparsely settled. He established the first Baptist Church in Northwest Arkansas, and was one of the best-known men in the Cherokee Nation. Chesley Hood Boatright was ordained a Baptist minister in 1833 at the Hebron Church, Knox County, TN.
Chesley T., the son, was one of eleven children and had no children of his own. He served in Waul's Legion, Company "A", C.S.A., from Texas. Family states he was killed in battle on 10 January 1863. I think researchers have confused him with Chesley H Boatright (see story above on him). I have no other information on Chesley Taylor Boatright.
BOATRIGHT, Jesse N: 2nd cousin three times removed. Jesse was born 17 Nov. 1832 in Claiborne Parish LA and died 14 May 1905 in Union Parish LA. He was the son of Powhatan Valentine Boatright (1790-1880) and Nancy Eleanor Burke (1792-1870).
Jesse married twice. His first wife was Sarah Burk (1835-1868) whom he married in 1864. To that union was born two children: Dora Ann (1865-1874) and Tessalim Ardula “Della” (1868-1891). Della’s mother died the year she was born, perhaps from or during childbirth.
He married again after the War to Margaret R Grafton (1847-1916) and they had no offspring.
"Confederate Research Sources", Volume 1, page 18 indicates that a J. N. Boatright, believed to be Jesse, enlisted in the Confederate Army as a Private on 29 September 1861, and served in Company C and Company H of the 17th LA Infantry until he was captured at the fall of Vicksburg on 4 July 1863. He was a prisoner of war until 12 June 1865, when he was paroled to Union Parish, LA.
According to research by Edward G. Gerdes, Jesse served as a private, Company "B', 50th Arkansas Militia, C.S.A.
Jesse’s two half brothers, James S. Boatright and John W Boatright were also in the CSA. See the notes on them.
BOATRIGHT, Linier “Lewis“: 2nd cousin three times removed. Linier was born about 1835 in Claiborne Parish LA and died 10 September 1862 in Union Parish LA. He was the son of Powhatan Valentine Boatright (1790-1880) and Nancy Eleanor Burke (1792-1870).
Linier married Martha Jane Dick on 20 January 1857 in Union CO AR and they had three children: Mary Frances (1858), Sarah Jane (1859) and Jesse L (1861).
According to his enlistment papers, Linier entered the Confederate Army at Monroe, Louisiana, on May 14th, 1862. It is believed that he served as a Private with Co. H, 31st La. Infantry, C.S.A., with his brother James, but this is not confirmed. He died while home sick on furlough.
His first name is spelled as "Lanier" by some researchers, but it is clearly spelled Linier in his own handwriting on his enlistment papers for the Confederate
Army. His enlistment papers for the Confederate Army describe him as 6'1", dark hair, blue eyes, and light complexion.
His date of death (10 September 1862) is the same as that of his brother, William Cleaton Boatright, however Linier died in Union Parish LA and brother William allegedly died in Hinds CO Mississippi.
Confederate Research Sources reflects military records that indicate William died in 1861 at Camp Chalmette, Louisiana. Other records state William died in service with Co. "C", 17th La. Infantry, C.S.A. It is obvious that there is a mix-up in the dates of death for Linier and his brother William.
One obvious conflict is the year for William‘s death, 1861 in one place and 1862 in another. Since his enlistment papers show he entered the CSA in 1862, it is hardly possible for him to have died in 1861, so I shall use the 1862 date as his death.
BOATRIGHT, William Cleaton: 2nd cousin three times removed. William was born about 1839 in Union Parish LA and died 10 September 1862 in Hinds CO MS. He was the son of Powhatan Valentine Boatright (1790-1880) and Nancy Eleanor Burke (1792-1870).
He married Martha J. Pierce and they had two children: Sarah Jane (1858) and William Washington (1859). His date of death (10 September 1862) is the same as that of his brother, Linier Lewis Boatright, however Linier died in Union Parish LA and William allegedly died in Hinds CO Mississippi.
Confederate Research Sources reflects military records, which indicate a William Boatright, died in 1861 at Camp Chalmette, Louisiana. Other records state William died in service with Co. "C", 17th La. Infantry, C.S.A. It is obvious that there is a mix-up in the dates of death for William and his brother Linier.
One obvious conflict is the year for William's death, 1861 in one place and 1862 in another. Since his enlistment papers show he entered the CSA in 1862, it is hardly possible for him to have died in 1861, so I shall use the 1862 date as his death.
William is supposed to have served with Co. "C", 17th LA Infantry, C.S.A. and to have died while in that company.
BOATRIGHT, James S: 2nd cousin three times removed. He was born about 1822 in Batesville Arkansas and died 25 November 1862 in Hinds County, Mississippi. James was the son of Powhatan Valentine Boatright (1790-1880) and Lucy Utely (1799-1823). His mother died when he was 1½ years old, probably giving birth to his sister Charlotte in September 1823. He had two whole siblings and 6 half siblings.
He married Jane Elizabeth Stiles (1824-1897) on 16 October 1842 in Union County AR. He and Jane had 8 children, all before the Civil War, who were: John Nolan (1843), Rebecca (1846), Mary Ann (1849), Sidney (1850), Emily Octavia (1851), George W (1854), William Pinkney (1857) and Frances “Fannie.” His daughter Fannie was born April 8th 1861, four days before Fort Sumter.
He enlisted in Company "H", 31st Louisiana Infantry, C.S.A., in Monroe, Louisiana, on March 16, 1862 as a Private. He was about 40 years old and had 8 children at the time. He was either a zealous patriot or hated staying at home. He served in Company H and Company C of the 31st LA Infantry. He got sick and died of pneumonia in Jackson, Mississippi on November 29th, 1862. He is buried in the Veteran's Cemetery, Jackson MS.
A C.S.A. document, "Final Statement of Deceased Soldier," filled out on 13 December 1862, confirms James' place of birth as Batesville, Arkansas. Enlistment papers for the Confederate Army describe James as 5'10," red hair, hazel eyes, and "ruddy" complexion. James’ son Sidney, born in 1850, also fought in that war.
James’ brother, John W Boatright was also in the Confederate Army and he died 24 April 1862, just seven months before James died. Ironically, both brothers died of pneumonia. James enlisted in the Confederate army 4 days after John did. James and John’s half brother Jesse N Boatright was also in the CSA. I have notes written on him also.
BOATRIGHT, John W: 2nd cousin three times removed. John was born about 1818 in VA and died 24 April 1862 in Richmond VA. He was the son of Powhatan Valentine Boatright (1790-1880) and Lucy Utely (1799-1823).
John married Drucilla Christie in 1846 and they had three children: Mary E (1847), George Maurice (birth year unknown) and John Preston (12 December 1862). It is apparent that the 3rd child was born after John’s death. Drucilla was about one month pregnant when John died.
John’s brother, James S Boatright was also in the Confederate Army and he died 25 November 1862, just seven months after John died. Ironically, both brothers died of pneumonia. James enlisted in the Confederate army 4 days after John did.
Confederate Research Sources, Volume 1, has an entry for a John Boatright enlisting as a Private, Company A, 6th La. Infantry, March 12th, 1862, in Union Parish, La. Died of pneumonia in hospital at Richmond, Virginia, April 24th, 1862.
WILLIAM VON BOATRIGHT & SALLIE WADKINS GATES
This couple had 12 children, all born in Kentucky. In 1851 they moved the entire family to Gentry County MO. They had 7 sons and 5 daughters. Five of the sons were soldiers in the Civil War. Three of them fought for the Confederacy and two for the Union. The youngest son, James Blackburn Boatright, was not born until October 1850 so was not old enough to get into the war. The second son Benjamine, born 1833, died in 1853. The other five sons were in the war.
A few years after the family moved to Gentry County MO, three of their sons, Jesse Stinson, Francis Alexander and Joseph Marion moved to Arkansas and settled in Crawford County. This move resulted in those three brothers joining the Confederate army from Arkansas. Brothers Jacob Gates and William Taylor who had remained in MO joined the Union Army.
The brothers who went to Arkansas had been there about 8 years when the Civil War started. Jesse, who married in 1852, had 6 children before the War began. Francis married in August 1861, 4 months after the war started. Joseph didn’t marry until about 1862.
So by the time of the War, these brothers apparently had developed different loyalties resulting in their choosing different sides to fight on. Joseph was the only one of these five brothers who died in the war.
Both of their parents lived until after the War and must have undergone tremendous grief with five of their six surviving sons off to war. I have written brief sketches on each of the five, which follow.
BOATRIGHT, Jesse Stinson: 3rd cousin three times removed. Jesse was born 11 December 1830 in KY and died 9 Nov 1905 in Wagoner OK. He married Mary Evaline “Mollie” Miller (1837-1910) and they had 16 children: Martha Ann “Mattie” (1853), Susan Alice Jane (1855, Mary Ellen (1856), William Newton (1857), Theodocia “Docia“ (1859), Ada Ann (1861), Isabelle “Belle” (1864), John Lee (1865), George Washington (1867), Julia Martin (1869), Evelyn “Eva” (1871), Jesse L (1874), James R (1876), Catherine Elizabeth “Bird” (1878), Eudora Pearl (1880) and Myrtle (1883). I believe he sets the record for most children.
He was the son of William Von Boatright (1803-1867) and Sallie Wadkins Gates (1806-1885). He was one of twelve children.
A descendant of his, James Allen Boatright, who was living in Gassville, Arkansas in 1997, has stated that he believes Jesse enlisted in the Confederate Army with his brother, Francis Alexander, but Jesse deserted shortly thereafter and "went to Texas," where he stayed until the end of the war. Some documentation indicates that this may be true, but it has not been confirmed as yet. His brother Francis served throughout the war.
Another brother, Joseph Marion Boatright was in the Confederate Army and was killed in battle. Two other brothers, William Taylor Boatright and Jacob Gates Boatright enlisted in the Union Army and survived the war. So 5 brothers were in the war, 3 for the South, and 2 for the Union.
Jesse Stinson Boatright moved from Missouri to Texas about 1860. In 1865 or early 1866, soon after the end of the War for Southern Independence, he moved to Van Buren, Arkansas, where he first went into the hotel business and later opened a general merchandise store on Log Town Hill, which is now part of Van Buren.
About 1880-1882 he moved to Siloam Springs, Arkansas, where he lived for several years before returning to Van Buren about 1891. About 1895 he bought a farm two miles east of Wagoner, Oklahoma, and remained there until his death in 1905. The old home place is now under Fort Gibson Lake.
Jesse was a teacher, farmer, and businessman. He taught in several schools in and near Van Buren, including the old Broadway School, which was located at the intersection of Broadway and East Main Street. Many of the Boatright children and grandchildren attended the old Broadway before it was demolished and replaced with the building now (1997) used as city hall.
He was especially proficient in penmanship and at times taught this art to adults in night classes. In the latter part of his life he was connected to the Watts Association, which was organized for the purpose of enrolling all persons of Cherokee blood who could be located. His wife, Mollie, was 1/32 Cherokee.
BOATRIGHT, Francis Alexander: 3rd cousin three times removed. Francis was born 17 January 1838 in KY and died 27 Dec 1918 in Weleetka OK. He married Esther Amanda Kittrel (1841-1869) and they had four children: Elisa Jane (1862),
Charles Henry (1864), John James (1866) and Sallie Adeline (1868). He was the son of William Von Boatright (1803-1867) and Sallie Wadkins Gates (1806-1885). He was one of twelve children.
Francis Alexander served in the Army of the Confederacy. As near as can be determined from available records, he enlisted as a Private on June 27, 1862, and served for the duration of the war. He served the entire time in Companies "C" and "A" in what was variously known as McRae's Regiment, Glenn's Regiment, and Davie's Regiment.
This regiment was organized as the 28th Arkansas Infantry Regiment in July of 1862 under the command of Col. Dandridge McRae, and reorganized into the 36th Arkansas Infantry Regiment approximately in January of 1863. The regiment fought in the battles of Prairie Grove in December of 1862; Helena, Arkansas, in July of 1863; Little Rock, Arkansas, in September of 1863; The Red River Campaign in 1864; and Jenkin's Ferry in 1864. The regiment surrendered on May 26, 1865, and was disbanded.
His brother, Jesse Stinson Boatright probably enlisted in the Confederate Army but deserted after a short time. Another brother, Joseph Marion Boatright was in the Confederate Army and was killed in battle. Two other brothers, William Taylor Boatright and Jacob Gates Boatright enlisted in the Union Army and survived the war. So 5 brothers were in the war, 3 for the South, and 2 for the Union.
BOATRIGHT, Joseph Marion: 3rd cousin three times removed. Joseph was born 18 February 1841 in KY and died in 1865. He was the son of William Von Boatright (1803-1867) and Sallie Wadkins Gates (1806-1885). He was one of twelve children.
He married Sarah Davidson (1840-1900). They had one child, J. E. Boatright born 10 September 1863 and died in 1931.
Joseph Marion enlisted in the Confederate Army in DesArc, Arkansas, on 3 September 1861. He served as a Private under the command of Colonel T. D. Merrick, 10th Arkansas Infantry. He was killed in service in 1865 at the age of 24.
His brother, Jesse Stinson Boatright probably enlisted in the Confederate Army but deserted after a short time. Another brother, Francis Alexander Boatright was in the Confederate Army and served throughout the war safely. Two other brothers, William Taylor Boatright and Jacob Gates Boatright enlisted in the Union Army and survived the war. So 5 brothers were in the war, 3 for the South, and 2 for the North.
BOATRIGHT, Jacob Gates: 3rd cousin three times removed. Jacob was born 5 September 1835 in KY and died 26 August 1923 in Joplin MO. He was the son of William Von Boatright (1803-1867) and Sallie Wadkins Gates (1806-1885) and one of twelve children.
Jacob married Clarissa C. Cook (1837-1907) who bore him 14 children: Thomas Allen (1855), Mary Paralee (1856), Louise Jane (1858), Sarah Frances (1861), Laura Ellen (1862), Alice Von (1864), Martha Belle (1866), James Albert (1867), Emma Arene (1869), William Nelson (1871), Flora Anne (1875) and Minnie C (1877).
Jacob fought for the Union during the Civil War. His brother William Taylor Boatright also fought for the Union. They enlisted from their home state of MO. Three other brothers, Jesse, Joseph and Francis fought for the South.
Jacob was an ordained Baptist minister.
BOATRIGHT, William Taylor: 3rd cousin three times removed. William was born 5 January 1847 in KY and died in 22 December 1933. He was the son of William Von Boatright (1803-1867) and Sallie Wadkins Gates (1806-1885). He was one of twelve children.
William fought for the Union during the Civil War. His brother Jacob Gates Boatright also fought for the Union. They enlisted from their home state of MO. Three other brothers, Jesse, Joseph and Francis fought for the South.
William married Sarah Burger in 1869 and they had 8 children: Levi Jackson (1869), Laura Adaline (1871), Elizabeth (1872), James Franklin (1874), Orilla Josephine (1878), Jesse Orville (1881), Charles William (1884) and Viola May (1887).
BOATRIGHT, John Thomas: 3rd cousin three times removed. He was born 29 November 1845 in Campbell County TN and died 14 November 1917 in Washington DC. He married Louisa Dabney (1848-1901) in 1867 in Campbell County TN. He was the son of Harvey Woodson Boatright (1825-1853) and Lavinna Keeney (1825).
John Thomas and Louisa had three children: Rutha (1868), Laney (1871) and Texas (1875). John Thomas was said to have served in the Union Army in the Civil War. For the last years of his life he lived in a Home for Veterans. I do not know where he is buried, but perhaps in the Washington DC area where he died. Louisa is buried in the Dug Town Cemetery LaFollette, Campbell County, TN. Her headstone reads “Luiza Dabney wife of J. T. Boatright 1848-d. 1901. “
BOATRIGHT, Samuel Orson: 3rd cousin three times removed. Samuel was born 17 May 1844 and died 19 Aug 1864 at Point Lookout MD. He was the son of Drury Wilson Boatright (1814) and Frances Nesbet Martin (1818-1901). I do not think that Samuel ever married.
Samuel served in the Army of the Confederacy. He enlisted as a private, but his unit is unknown. He died while a prisoner of war at the Federal Prison in Point Lookout MD.
This prison camp for Confederate prisoners of war was built at Point Lookout, MD on the tip of the peninsula where the Potomac River joins Chesapeake Bay. In the two years during which the camp was in operation, August, 1863, to June, 1865, Point Lookout overflowed with inmates, surpassing its intended capacity of 10,000 to a population numbering between 12,500 and 20,000. In all, over 50,000 men, both military and civilian, were held prisoner there.
One Confederate private described his ominous entrance into the prison amidst "a pile of coffins for dead rebels." He described the camp as laid out into a series of streets and trenches, intended to aid in drainage, and surrounded by a fourteen-foot parapet wall. Prisoners, who lived sixteen or more to a tent, were
subjected to habitually short rations and limited firewood in winter, and when the coffee ration was suspended for federal prisoners at Andersonville, the Point Lookout prisoner lost theirs as well.
The worst the prisoners suffered, however, may have been inflicted by the physical conditions. The flat topography, sandy soil, and an elevation barely above high tide led to poor drainage, and the area was subjected to every imaginable extreme of weather, from blazing heat to bone-chilling cold. Polluted water exacerbated the problems of inadequate food, clothing, fuel, housing, and medical care, and as a result, approximately 4,000 prisoners died there over 22 months.
This is where this cousin died and is buried somewhere in the vicinity.
BOATRIGHT, Sidney: 3rd cousin twice removed. Born about 1850, he was just 11 when the war began and evidently got in near the end of the war. Probably lied about his age. Sidney served with Company "H", 31st Louisiana Infantry, C.S.A. He was the son of James S Boatright (1822-1862) and Jane Elizabeth Stiles (1824-1897).
His father James had joined the CSA and had died in November 1862 from pneumonia. Sidney would have been about 12 when his dad died and probably couldn’t wait to get into the fight. I have little other information on Sidney.
FAGAN, James Fleming: 3rd cousin three times removed. Born 1 Mar 1828, died 1 Sep 1893. Married Mura Elisiff Beal first, then Lizzie Rapley. He was the son of Steven Fagan and Catherine A. “Kitty” Stevens.
James Fleming Fagan was born in Clark County, Kentucky. His family moved to Arkansas in 1838, two years after the admission of the State of Arkansas to the Union. When he was just a youth, his father was one of the contractors used to build the State House at Little Rock. His father died there.
Catherine "Kitty" A. Fagan then married Samuel Adams in December 1842. Adams was an Arkansas state senator and when elected for a second term in 1844 he became president of the Arkansas senate. On 29 April 1844, Samuel Adams became acting governor of Arkansas when Gov. Archibald Yell resigned to run for Congress. He served in this capacity until 5 Nov. 1844. After his brief role in the governor's office, Adams was elected in 1846, to the state treasurer's office. Former Governor Yell left Congress in 1846 and became a volunteer colonel in the war with Mexico, where he lost his life. James Fagan served through the war with Mexico in Yell's regiment, returning home in 1848 as a lieutenant. James Fagan was active politically and he repeatedly represented the Democratic county of Saline in the
Arkansas General Assembly.
At the death of his stepfather, Samuel Adams on 27 Feb 1850, James Fagan took charge of the farm and family home on the Saline River.
Being among the first to raise a company at the beginning of the Civil War, he raised the 1st Arkansas Infantry in May of 1861 and he and 900 men were mustered into Confederate service in Lynchburg, Virginia. During the regimental organization he was elected Colonel of this Regiment, serving initially with the Confederate Army of the Potomac in Virginia. He then returned to Tennessee. His 1st Arkansas Regiment fought at Shiloh and served as part of the first wave. He also fought at Famington, Mississippi and Corinth but fell into disfavor with Gen. Braxton Bragg and was transferred to the Trans-Mississippi where on September 12, 1862. Colonel Fagan was promoted to brigadier-general in the provisional army of the Confederate States. He fought at Cane Hill and Prairie Grove as a cavalry commander in charge of the 1st Arkansas Cavalry.
In the Battle of Helena on 4 July1863 Fagan replaced Sterling Price in command of Price's Division after that battle. He commanded a brigade composed of the Arkansas regiments of Colonels Brooks, Hawthorn, Bell and King, in all 1,339 men, and lost 435 in the determined assaults of his command on Hindman's Hill. His gallantry in this bloody engagement was warmly commended by Gen. T. H. Holmes. General Fagan's command was operating in southern Arkansas during the Federal campaign against Shreveport in 1864, and after Banks' defeat at Mansfield and Pleasant Hill, General Fagan, in command of a cavalry division comprising the Arkansas brigades of W. L. Cabell, T. P. Dockery and W. A. Crawford, was ordered to operate against the Federal expedition of General Steele at Camden.
In September 1864 General Fagan participated in Price's final invasion of Missouri, taking the center route of the three-pronged invasion and successfully captured Fort Davidson at Pilot Knob, Missouri and continued the invasion until routed by Samuel Curtis's Army of the Border on the Little Blue and at Westport.
Fagan took part in the defense of Little Rock and in the Red River Campaign against General Steele. His attack at Mark's Mill was the deciding factor in General Steele's decision to end his part of the Red River Campaign and retreat to Little Rock.
He was highly successful, General Smith reporting that "Fagan's destruction of Steele's entire supply train and the capture of its escort at Marks' Mills precipitated Steele's retreat from Camden." In the last great maneuver in the Trans-Mississippi, Price's raid to the Missouri River, Fagan, who had been commissioned major general on April 24, 1864, commanded the division of Arkansas cavalry, including the brigades of Cabell, Slemons, Dobbin and McCray. General Price said he "bore himself throughout the whole expedition with unabated gallantry and ardor, and commanded his division with great ability."
At the last he was in command of the District of Arkansas, and as late as April 1865, he was active and untiring in his efforts, proposing then an expedition for the capture of Little Rock. In April he was the only Major General on duty in Arkansas and was placed in charge of the district. After the war ended, he was paroled on June 20, 1865 and returned to farming in Arkansas.
He accepted the appointment to the office of United States marshal from President Grant in 1875, and that of receiver for the Land Office two years later. It is surmised that this possibly caused his defeat in 1890, when he was a candidate for state railroad commissioner. General Fagan died at Little Rock on September 1, 1893, and is buried there in the beautiful Mount Holly Cemetery.
General Fagan's first wife, Mura Ellisiff Beal, was a sister of Gen. W. N. R. Beall, a Confederate Brigadier General.
Mura bore him three daughters. After her death he married Miss Lizzie Rapley of Little Rock, a niece of Maj. Benjamin J. Field, brother of the first wife of former Governor Henry M. Rector. Lizzie had 5 children by him. I do not have the names of those children.
KYLE, Robert Benjamin, Col, CSA: 1st cousin four times removed. Born 24 May 1826, he died 22 Jan 1922 in Columbus GA. His father was James Kyle from Omagh, County Tyrone, Ireland and his mother was Elizabeth Lee Jones from Henry County VA. His parents settled in Georgia and Robert Kyle became a Colonel in the Civil War. After the war he became a wealthy car builder and foundry proprietor in Gadsden, Alabama. He died at the age of 94 in 1922.
Robert Benjamin Kyle of Ketowah County, Gadsden Alabama was a delegate to the 1876 Democratic National Convention from Alabama. He was also a delegate to the Constitutional Convention for Alabama held at Montgomery Ala. from May 21 to Sep 3 1901. He represented Ketowah County Ala.
Robert was married three times. He married first Sarah White and I learn of no children by her. In 1848 he married Mary Allen Thornton and she bore him 3 children, Robert, Mary (1855) and Benjamin.
He married a third time on 2October 1856 to Mary Virginia Huckols and they had seven children: Nena (1859), Thomas Stonewall (1865), Joseph (1866), Bessie (1870), Edith (1872), Robbie (1875) and Florie (1877).
JONES, Abram Gabriel: 2nd cousin three times removed: Born 6 Sep 1844 and died after 1925. He married Nannie Ellen Dalton on 27 Jun 1876. He was the son of Dr. Beverly Jones and Julia Amelia Conrad Lash.
He served in the Civil War with JEB Stuart. He studied medicine at the University of Virginia after the War. In her book History of Henry County VA by Judith Park America Hill, she states that “Dr. Abram G Jones...saw service in the
Civil War. He is (1925, date of her book) practicing medicine at Walnut-Cove, North Carolina."
Abram and Nannie had seven children: Margaret Melissa (1878), Frances Louise (1882), Annie Kate (1886), Abram Dalton (1889), Beverly Nicholas (1892), Nannie Ella (1895) and Robert Rives (1898).
Abram’s brother, James Benjamin was also in the War.
JONES, James Benjamin: 2nd cousin three times removed: Born 1846 in Stokes County NC, Died 1911. He was the son of Dr. Beverly Jones and Julia Amelia Conrad Lash. He grew up on their plantation home at Oak Grove, near Bethania in Stokes County NC. He was a lieutenant in the 1st North Carolina Battalion Sharpshooters, serving in North Carolina and Virginia. He also kept a diary, 1863-1864, during the war. After the war, he moved to KY and later MO.
James was for years a minister in the Disciples of Christ Church, married Mary Frances Rogers first, and second Carrie Anderson. He died in 1911, and had been president of William Woods College, Fulton MO, fifteen years. As late as 1925, he had two daughters who survived him, Eleanor Conrad and Frances Adair.
James’ brother Abram Gabriel was also in the War.
While checking records at the state library in Richmond VA, I found one on Lieutenant B R Martin (CSA) who served in the 57th Regiment of Stewart's Brigade, aka Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, serving in Company I.
I am not positive if this was the same as our Benjamin Rush Martin but certain information leads me to believe it might be. Our B R Martin was killed in the battle of Malvern Hill near Richmond on 1 July 1862 and was buried near the site of the battle among other Confederate dead.
The sword and belt of our B R Martin was returned to his sister, Adelaide Martin some time after Rush was killed. I do not think ordinary infantrymen in those forces carried a sword and the fact that his sword was returned by one of his fellow compatriots to Rush's sister suggests to me that Rush was an officer.
Also, in this same 57th Regiment served Daniel Livingston Martin, brother to Benjamin Rush Martin. Daniel served 9 months in this regiment during 1862 and he was sent home "to die" from tuberculosis. Daniel recovered from TB and survived until 1906. He was my paternal great grandfather and also my maternal great-great grandfather.
Also killed in this same battle was Benjamin Rush Martin's first cousin,
William Plunkett Martin. Benjamin's father was Abner Martin and William's was Valentine Martin (V). Abner and Valentine Martin were brothers, the sons of Stephen Martin and Esther Boatright.
Five brothers from this family were in that awful war: Benjamin Rush, Joseph Addison, Daniel Livingston, John Floyd and Stephen Lafayette Martin. Two of those brothers died in battle, another from an illness. John Floyd died first, and then Benjamin Rush was killed in the Battle of Malvern Hill.
MARTIN, Joseph Addison: Great Grand Uncle. Born 15 Sep 1845. He was the son of Abner Martin and Jane Reamy Jones. He became ill during General Lee's last battle at Five Oaks, VA and died at home 5 weeks later on 10 May 1865. The death records state it was from a fever caused by chronic diarrhea. Person giving information was his brother, Stephen L Martin.
He was known as “Addison” to his family and never married. He was just a “kid” 19 years old when he died. He had four brothers in the War: Benjamin “Rush” who was killed, John “Floyd” who was killed, Stephen L and Daniel Livingston.
MARTIN, Daniel Livingston: Great Grandfather & Great-Great Grandfather: Born 20 Jan 1832, died 25 July 1906. He was the son of Abner Martin and Jane Reamy Jones. He married (1) Malinda Ann Armstrong on 14 Feb 1856, (2) Mary Susan Elisabeth Hankins on 13 Nov 1861 (3) Virginia “Jennie” Montgomery sometime after 1893.
Daniel went into service as an enlisted man, a private serving in the 57th Regiment of Stewart's Brigade, aka Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles, serving in Company I. His brother Benjamin Rush was a Lieutenant in this same company. Daniel served 9 months in this regiment during 1862 and he was sent home "to die" from tuberculosis. Daniel recovered from TB and survived until 1906. His brother Benjamin was killed later in the battle at Malvern Hill near Richmond along with his first cousin William Plunkett Martin, q.v.
Daniel had nine children: John Lee (1856) born to Daniel and his first wife Malinda Ann Armstrong. The last eight were all from his union with Mary Susan Elisabeth Hankins: James Daniel (1864), Thomas Jackson, my paternal grandfather (1866), Mary Jane (1869), Benjamin Rush II (1872), Bettie Susan (1875), Rebecca Adelaide (1878), George Robert (1882) and Lena Livingston (1885).
Daniel had a grandson, Benjamin Rush Martin (III) who related the following stories about Daniel while at a Martin family reunion held in the early 1990's:
"He (Daniel) cooked sweet potatoes by digging a ditch or hole in the ground, putting in a layer of hot coals, a layer of sweet potatoes, then covering them with another layer of hot coals, then letting them cook until they cooled down. They were delicious.
Benjamin also said his grandfather "was a very stately looking gentleman and was quite interested in politics. He got into a heated political dispute with another person on the courthouse steps one day. He tripped and fell on the steps and the other man put his foot on Daniel’s neck and would have broken his neck had the sheriff not threatened to arrest him if he didn't let Daniel up."
Four of Daniel’s brothers were in that war: Benjamin Rush, Joseph Addison, John Floyd and Stephen Lafayette Martin.
In a list of Pittsylvania County VA Pension Records for Confederate Veterans for the year 1900, Daniel L Martin is listed as a pensioner.
MARTIN, John Floyd: Great Grand Uncle: Born Jan 1834, died 22 Jan 1862.
“Floyd,” as he was called was born in Henry County VA and entered the Civil War shortly after it began. He was killed in battle. His family states that he was killed on 22 January 1862 but did not indicate which battle. I have checked a large verified list of all Civil War battles and the only battle listed for that date was the battle at “Knob Noster, Missouri.” In that battle the U.S.A. listed 1 Killed, 0 Wounded, the C.S.A. shows “Casualties Not Reported.” Whether or not he was in that battle only the Lord knows. Floyd married Matilda Armstrong on Christmas Eve 1857. He was the son of Abner Martin and Jane Reamy Jones.
Matilda’s father, Theophilus Armstrong was a merchant in Henry County VA and he had an older daughter named Malinda, born in March 1830 by Theophilus‘ first wife, Milly Burgess. Their second child was Keturah, called “Kittie” born 1832 and their 3rd was Mary born in 1833. Milly died in 1833, probably from complications of childbirth with Mary. Theophilus remarried to Ann Moore in August 1834. It was from that union that Matilda was born.
Malinda married Daniel Livingston Martin, the brother of John Floyd Martin in Feb. 1856 and they had one child, John Lee Martin in Nov. 1856. Malinda died in Sep. 1860 from tuberculosis and Daniel remarried in Nov. 1861 to Mary Susan Elisabeth Hankins.
Matilda and Malinda’s father, Theophilus Armstrong had 8 children by Ann Moore, viz. James (1835), Elizabeth called “Bettie” (1836), Martha called “Mattie” (1839), Matilda (1840), Sally (1841), Joseph H (1843), William (1845) and John R (1845). Ann Moore died in 1871 and Theophilus married a 3rd time in Oct. 1872 to Sarah Jane Martin.
Now who do you think Sarah Jane was? No less than the older sister of Daniel L. and John Floyd Martin. Sarah, born in 1829, was 43 when she married Theophilus and they had no children. Thus Sarah Jane became the step-mother-in-law to her two brothers.
Theophilus then became the brother-in-law to his two sons-in-law. I guess that is just in theory since Floyd was dead and Daniel’s wife Malinda was dead and Daniel had remarried by that time.
There is another interesting set of facts regarding the family of John Floyd Martin and Matilda Armstrong. Henry County VA Circuit Court records in Marriage Book 1 page 5 show Matilda's age at the time of marriage license issue as 17. This was in 1857. Her husband John Floyd Martin was 23, both single. He was employed as a teacher. Both were born and reared in Henry County. They had two children.
Now this is where the story gets complicated. One child was definitely named Annie and the 1870 Census for Henry County lists Matilda Martin (at that time in the home of her father, Theophilus Armstrong) with children named Annie aged 11 and Laurie aged 8. The book Valentine Martin of Cumberland County VA by John Robert Martin shows John Floyd Martin and Matilda Armstrong as having two children, one named Laurie, born about 1859 the other, Floyd, born about 1861.
There is a lawsuit in Henry County dated September 1891 styled John Martin et als vs. James Stone et als, Docket #824 concerning the settlement of the estate of Sarah Martin Armstrong, 3rd wife of Theophilus Armstrong. Sarah was a sister of John Floyd Martin and John Floyd's children were named in this suit as some of the heirs in the suit. John Floyd's children were named in that lawsuit as Annie Martin
(wife of John Martin) and Malinda Kemp (wife of John Kemp).
My best guess is that the older girl was named Annie Laurie, a popular girl's name of that era. She was probably alternately called Annie and/or Laurie. The eight year old in the 1870 Census is undoubtedly Malinda Floyd Martin. Her mother, Matilda, had a sister named Malinda Armstrong who had married Daniel Livingston Martin. Matilda and Malinda were born 10 years apart and undoubtedly Matilda named this second child for her sister Malinda who had just died in September 1860, only a few months before. She evidently chose the middle name of "Floyd" after the child's father, John Floyd.
Malinda Floyd is the child that the "Valentine Martin" book shows as "Floyd" born about 1861 and she may have been called "Floyd." I surmise that the Census taker for 1870 was given the elder girl's name of Annie Laurie and instead of listing Malinda Floyd, he wrote Annie for the elder girl and Laurie for the younger. There is no other way to explain it since there were no boys born to Matilda and John Floyd.
John Floyd who was usually called "Floyd" was killed in a Civil War Battle on 22 January 1862. His brother Benjamin Rush Martin was killed just two months later and their brother Joseph Addison died in 1865 from a fever he developed during the Battle of Five Oaks (Lee's last battle).
This family suffered a lot in that struggle. Two other brothers, Daniel Livingston and Stephen Lafayette were also soldiers in that war who survived it.
MARTIN, Stephen Lafayette: Great Grand Uncle. Born 25 August 1825, died after 1900. He was the son of Abner Martin and Jane Reamy Jones. He was married twice, first to Julia Mahon in 1846 by whom he had 8 children: Mary Jane (1847), Sarah E (who died shortly after birth in 1849), Sarah Ellen (1850), Abner M (1851), Eliza “Bettie” (1858), Billy L (1860), Henry Clay (June 1860), and Oscar Lafayette (1861).
Stephen was called “Major” Martin most of his life which is probably the rank he held in the Confederate Army. Stephen was a Justice of the Peace in Henry County for forty years. He died at the old Martin homestead located 15 miles east of Martinsville. After the death of Julia in 1881, he married Clay Anna Lamkin and was still married to her at the time of the 1900 census. I am not certain of when Stephen or Clay died. He and Clay had no children that I know of.
MARTIN, Brice III: 2nd cousin three times removed: Born 1833, died about 1865. He married Marietta F. Reynolds on 15 Nov 1859.
John R. Martin in his Valentine Martin of Cumberland County gives Brice's place of birth both as Mountain Valley in Henry County VA and also Campbell County VA. His parents were Valentine Martin IV called “Vane” and Serena Yancey. He further states that Brice was in the Civil War, became ill and died while in service about 1865 and never returned home. His brother Orson was also in the War and got his hand shot off.
Brice and Marietta had one child, Caliben born in 1862.
MARTIN, Orson VII: 2nd cousin, three times removed. Born about 1839. His hand was shot off in the Civil War. I know little else about him and whether or not he married is unknown to me. His parents were Valentine Martin IV called “Vane” and Serena Yancey. Orson’s brother, Brice, also served in the War.
MARTIN, George Canning: 1st Cousin, three times removed. George was born in Virginia on 20 Nov 1827 and was killed in the Battle of Fisher’s Hill in Petersburg VA on 30 July 1864. He was the son of James Orson Martin (called “Orson”) and Mary White Jones.
George's father, Orson, was a tobacco farmer in Rockingham County NC, not far from the Virginia-North Carolina border. Orson devised a method for making tobacco into chewing plugs at his home. They boxed it and his sons took it in covered wagons to various places and sold it.
In this manner, George went to York County SC where he met and married Eliza I. McCleave. She didn't live long. Married in 1850, she was soon pregnant with twins however she and the twins died shortly after their births in 1851.
In the fall of 1853, George was remarried to another York County lass, 21-year-old Sarah Jane Lindsay. Their first child named Robert Orson was born 21 Nov.1854 near Shelby NC in what is now Cleveland County NC. At the time George
was manager of a resort hotel at a mineral springs. A little later, they moved back to York County SC where their second child, John Thomas Martin was born on 15 Jan 1857. Still later, George returned to North Carolina to live near his father in the Leaksville NC area.
Three more children were born to him and Sarah there, Mary Margaret on 11 February 1859, William Warren on 2 January 1861 and Eliza George on 1 November 1862.
George joined the Confederate Army some time prior to the birth of the youngest child. Many of the letters he wrote his wife during that time are still in existence, the earliest of which is dated 12 May 1862. One of his letters seems to have an earlier origin but part of it is missing.
Early in 1863, Sarah moved back to her father’s home in York County SC. Sarah was alone with 5 small children and her father was also alone since his four sons were all serving in the Confederate army. The letters George wrote showed that he suffered a lot of physical hardship as well as mental and spiritual anguish during his wartime service. At least once while on furlough, his daughter Mary Margaret distinctly remembers that he saw his family after they moved back to South Carolina.
In the Battle of Fisher's Hill near Petersburg VA, he was killed and his body was never found. His brothers and friends searched for him for days but could not find his body. For days no one knew if he were alive, dead, or captured.
During this time, Sarah struggled to raise the 5 children. William Warren died at age 6 in February 1867 due to a kidney ailment. The eldest son, Robert Orson went to Leaksville NC planning to become a lawyer. He attended school in Leaksville and often after finishing his chores at his grandfather Robert M Lindsay's farm, he would hurry to the local courts to watch and listen to the way things were done. Sadly, he did not live to see his ambition bear fruit. In the summer of 1879 the four remaining children of Sarah were stricken with typhoid fever. John Thomas died on Sept. 3rd, Eliza George on Sept. 28 and Robert Orson on Oct. 16, all in 1879.
Only Mary Margaret survived. She later married George Williams Foster in 1880 and reared a family of five sons and four daughters. (One of those daughters, Miss Maye Foster gave this account of her grandfather in 1959).
Note: Miss Maye Foster, the writer of this narrative, stated that after George Canning Martin was killed “His brothers and friends searched for him for days but not finding his body...” Taking that statement literally, it suggests that George had at least two brothers in service at the same time and in the same battle as he. In my family history I list these six brothers of George: (1) Cincinattus (1828-1852), (2) Stephen Thomas (1829-1912), (3) Lafayette or “Bud” (1833-?), (4) William Daniel “Babe” (1837-1903), (5) James, Jr. (1851-1920) and (6) Anthony B (1853-1928).
Cincinattus died before the War, which eliminates him. Stephen was 32 when the War began. I don’t know if he was in service or not. I know that Bud was in the Confederate Army and he was more than likely one of the “brothers” mentioned. Babe was 24 when the War began and he was probably in service but I don’t know that for sure. He didn’t marry until 1868 and more than likely was another of the
brothers at the Battle of Fisher’s Hill. James, Jr. and Anthony were too young for the War so if the statement made by Maye Foster about “brothers” is literal, the two (or more) brothers, other than Bud, were Stephen and Babe, probably the latter.
It is sad to consider the tragedies in this family. George Canning Martin’s first wife and their new twins died at the twins’ birth. His remarriage to Sarah Jane Lindsay produced 5 more children. George died in the War in 1864 leaving Sarah to raise the 5 youngsters on her own. She lived with her aged father however four of her brothers were away at the War leaving her to care for her father and children. I do not think she ever remarried.
In 1867, two years after the War, her son William Warren died at age six. In 1879 her remaining four children developed typhoid fever and all but her daughter Mary Margaret died that year. Her two sons aged 22 and 24 and their sister aged 16 were struck down in their prime.
MARTIN, Lafayette “Bud” Jackson: 1st cousin three times removed. Born in 1833 in Virginia, Lafayette was the son of James Orson Martin and Mary White Jones. Bud survived the Civil War where he had fought for the Confederacy. After the War, he married Lucy Caroline Millner and she bore him 8 children: William Wallace in 1872, Ernest Lee in 1874, Mary Caroline about 1876, Charles about 1878, Bertram Ballard about 1880 and Lula Moss about 1882. I don’t know the names of their other two children.
Bud’s brother George Canning Martin was killed in that War in 1864 and Bud was one of at least two brothers who searched in vain for George’s body after the battle (Fisher‘s Hill).
Four sons of Samuel Hudson MARTIN fought for the Union during the Civil War. Samuel Hudson Martin was born in Cumberland County VA on 29 Feb 1813 and died 14 May 1873 in Collins MO. He married Dorothy Branch Allen about 1834.
Their first child William Orson was born in Henry County VA. Before their second child John Milton was born in 1839, he moved with his family to Collins MO where the rest of his children were born. He had 6 boys and two girls in all. These were his four soldier-sons:
MARTIN, John Milton: 2nd cousin, three times removed. Born in Collins MO on 8 May 1839, died 24 March 1864 during the Civil War. Fought for the Union. I have checked a comprehensive list of Civil War battles and the only one fought on 24 March 1864 is that of Union City, TN. The U.S.A. reported 450 of their men captured. The C.S.A. did not report their casualties. This battle was actually a Nathan Bedford Forrest raid. Nathan B Forrest was a Confederate General and considered a military genius. He was constantly sought by the Union Generals but eluded their many plans to capture him. He commanded cavalry troops and often made surprise raids on Union forces. It was such a raid on the date above and if John Milton Martin was there, he was probably killed at that time.
Three of his brothers also served the Union army, William, Robert and Joseph. I do not know if John ever married.
MARTIN, Joseph Henry: 2nd cousin, three times removed. Born in Collins MO on 24 March 1841, died 23 Jan 1879. Fought for the Union.
Joseph survived serving as a Union soldier during the Civil War but early on the morning of 23 July 1879, before daylight, he walked into his barn and behind where his horse was. The horse suddenly kicked him in the abdomen and he was killed. Joseph was a farmer. Three of his brothers also served in the Union army, William, Robert and John.
Joseph married Matilda Calperna Thompson about 1866 and she bore him five children: Twins, Leatha Jane and Adaline Columbia (1869), Warren Hudson (1869), George Greeley (1871) and John Monroe (1872).
MARTIN, Robert Childress: 2nd cousin, three times removed. Robert was born in Collins MO on 28 March 1843 and died 18 Oct 1921 in Collins.
He married Mary Emogene Cook on 11 June 1864 and they had seven children: Julia Ann Frances (1865), John Milton (1868), Samuel Benjamin (1871), James Hudson (1874), Lizzie Luettie (1877), Elizabeth Minerva (1879) and Leta Augusta (1882). Robert and his 3 brothers William, John and Joseph all fought for the Union.
In his latter years Robert loved to ride his horse around the neighborhood visiting with friends and neighbors. He had an exceptional memory and if someone was uncertain about a property boundary line, they would call for uncle "Rob" as he was called, and he would know exactly where the corner stones were located.
After his marriage to Mary Emogene Cook, they lived one and a quarter miles south of Collins Missouri on what is known as the old Jim Martin place. Rob Martin was a poor manager of money and his two sons Samuel and James had to take over the farm at an early age. He continued making his home there until his wife died in 1899. Following her death, he made his home among his children, but mainly with his son Samuel Benjamin Martin.
His son, Sam kept a lot of livestock and Rob loved to ride and assist with the animals. He always owned a pony, which received the best of care.
As a very young man he saw service with the Union in the Civil War but was never called far from home during his tour of duty. His company had the job of tracking down bushwhackers. He had good reason to dislike them because of the treatment he and his father had received at their hands. Concerning this incident, a neighbor named John Price who lived about a mile southeast of Samuel Hudson Martin heard hoof beats of the bushwhacker raiders who were on their way to raid the household of Sam Martin.
Hearing shooting at the Martin place, Price rode 6 miles on horseback to Humansville where he notified a company of Sutherland's army who were stationed there for the express purpose of tracking down marauders.
The raiders had arrived at Sam Martin's place after dark and under pretext of wanting to buy some apples, called for him to come out. Sam sent his eldest son William out with a lantern to get them the apples. William soon realized they were raiders and being unarmed, fled through a nearby cornfield and escaped.
The raiders began shooting at Sam Martin's house. He and his youngest son, Edmund (Samuel Edmund, born 1850), about 10 at the time, ran upstairs and as Edmund loaded the guns, Sam shot at the raiders. Eventually the raiders overcame Sam and Edmund, however left Edmund there and took Sam and his son, Robert Childress Martin (who was of army age) captive. The raiders took them to Osceola MO skirting the town on the west along the banks of the Osage River, proceeding to a point northeast of the town. Loading them into some boats, they crossed to the north side of the river. They gave Sam and Robert some cold cornbread telling them it would be the last food they would ever get to eat.
In the meantime, John Price had alerted the Humansville soldiers who had ridden at breakneck speed hoping to rescue the Martins. At the crossroads south of Osceola, the soldiers had to decide which path the raiders had taken and as if by an act of Providence, there had been a heavy frost and the hoof tracks of the raiders' horses showed clearly on the frost- covered ground.
Coming upon the raiders, the soldiers began shooting at them across the river. At an opportune time, the soldiers crossed the river, rescuing Sam and Robert Martin and also capturing one of the raiders. He was a very young man. Re-crossing the river with the Martins, the soldiers who had killed about 40 of the raiders, force-marched the young raider-prisoner in front of Robert Martin. The young man began begging for his life, telling the soldiers he was not a member of the gang but had just come along for the ride. Robert Childress Martin later said that as they were walking up the river bank, the muzzle of a musket was thrust under the arm of the young raider, fired into his back, killing him.
This event was the last time raiders came to the Martin home. Four of Sam's sons fought for the Union: William, Robert, Joseph and John.
Robert Childress Martin loved children and usually brought candy to his grandchildren. He had a stocky build and was of medium height with short cut gray hair, which stood up, on top of his head. He loved for one of his grandchildren to comb his hair as he sat dozing while the child combed it. When the child would ask if he had combed enough, Robert would say "Just a little bit more." As a grandchild related this story he said he would comb first with one hand and then the other and it seemed that "both my arms would break."
He wore his beard "Southern Gentleman" style, long sideburns and a mustache. He was smooth shaven on his neck and chin and under his jaws. His grandson John Robert Martin remembered him fondly and wrote this lengthy account of him.
Grandson John Robert continued: "Grandfather loved to sing and knew all of the old Civil War songs. Often he would arise very early in the morning while the rest of the family slept (as he would) sing and sing and sing, which sometime disturbed the rest of the household. He did not play any kind of musical instrument.
"Grandfather was a heavy sleeper. When my father (referring to John Robert's father James Hudson Martin) was in Colorado for his health in 1901,
grandfather was staying with my mother (Myrtle Barnett) and her sister at the old home. In the middle of the night mother was awakened by flames in the house. After taking the two babies out of doors my mother rushed back to awaken grandfather. By the time she got him awakened, the corner of his feather bed had caught on fire.
"Grandfather was always rather 'showy.' He carried a cane that he had decorated with several rows of leather fringe, also wore spurs that would jingle. He always wore several wide gold band rings and carried a large silver watch. He smoked a pipe.
"In later years he would ride into town in the morning and have his dinner at the local hotel which was owned and operated by Ben Bratcher. While he was eating, his pony would have his oats and hay across the street in Lon Sink's livery stable. Then about sundown he would pass our house on his way home to Uncle Sam's. He never hurried his horse, always letting it choose its own gait, which was usually a very slow walk.
"Robert Childress Martin was ill about ten days in his last illness and at his passing the neighborhood lost one of its most colorful figures." (Written by John Robert Martin in 1960, grandson of Robert Childress Martin).
MARTIN, William Orson, II: 2nd cousin, three times removed. Born 1 April 1837, Died 4 Sept 1910.
William married Elizabeth Florence Thompson in about 1865 and she bore him five children: Leatha Jane III (1867), Unnamed Infant in 1869, Samuel Renes (1870), William Richard (1872) and Alice Florence in 1874. He fought for the Union army along with his 3 brothers Robert, Joseph and John.
Before I leave this family, let me tell you about a sister of Samuel Hudson Martin by the name of Leatha Jane Martin.
Leatha Jane Martin (I) was the first of four Leatha Jane Martins. Leatha Jane was a somewhat popular name among this branch of the Martin family.
This first Leatha Jane Martin was born about 1804 and died in her teens unmarried. I'd estimate her death to be in 1819. She was the daughter of Orson Martin (IV) and Elizabeth Sadler.
Then came Leatha (II) born 1841, died 1857 not quite aged 16. She was the daughter of Samuel Hudson Martin and Dorothy Branch Allen. She was the second Leatha to die unmarried in her teens. It was said that she died of a broken heart.
Then there was Leatha Jane (III), born 10 January 1867 and lived only one day. Leatha (III) was the niece of Leatha (II).
The fourth Leatha Jane Martin was born 30 May 1868, daughter of Joseph Henry Martin and Matilda Calperna Thompson. Leatha (IV) was the only one to marry and she had two children. Leatha (IV) was also a twin, her twin being Adaline Columbia Martin. Leatha (IV) married Tolbert Crittenden Earnest and Leatha's twin Adaline married Jefferson Pinckney Earnest. Believe it or not, the twin sisters' husbands were also twin brothers, so twins married twins.
I think it is interesting to see the relationships of the 4 Leathas. I will build a
family tree to look at which follows:
(1) Orson Martin IV (b 1775) & Elizabeth Sadler
(2) children of Orson: Leatha I (ca 1804) (SIBLINGS) Samuel Hudson Martin (b 1813)
(3) children of Sam H: Wm. Orson (b 1837) Leatha II (b 1841)=twins=Jos Henry (b 1841)
(4) child of Wm O: Leatha III (b1867) child of Jos. Henry: Leatha IV (b 1868)
So from the chart above we see Leatha I and Samuel Hudson Martin were siblings, children of Orson Martin IV and Elizabeth Sadler. Leatha (I) died childless at about the age of 15.
Since she was the first girl in the family she undoubtedly made quite an impression on them all, especially her young brother Sam. Leatha was about 9 when Sam was born and she died when he was 6 or 7 years old. When she died in about 1819 there were already 7 children in the family and her mother was pregnant with her second daughter and eighth child. As was customary then, Leatha would have taken care of her younger brothers and was somewhat of a second mother to them. It is rather obvious to me that the second daughter born 17 January 1820 and named Elizabeth "Jane" was named for the 15 year old Leatha Jane who had just died. In fact, I'd surmise that Leatha Jane's first name was really "Elizabeth" and the family called her "Leatha" as it was easier to pronounce and undoubtedly one of her brothers called her "Leatha" since he was unable to say "Elizabeth." It is highly unlikely that they would name a second daughter "Jane" or "Leatha (Elizabeth) Jane" while the first daughter was still alive, but it is very likely that they would name her for the recently deceased Leatha Jane.
(This sister, Elizabeth Jane married John Milton Barding and she named one of her daughters Letha Ann Barding.)
So this love for Leatha Jane carried over. Leatha's brother Sam got married about 1834 and after having two sons, his wife Dorothy presented him with twins, a boy they named Joseph Henry and a girl they named Leatha Jane (I gave her the appendage "II"). Thus he was honoring his beloved sister. Leatha II who died allegedly of a broken heart in 1857, unmarried.
Some years passed and in 1865 Sam's eldest son William Orson Martin got married. Not long afterward, his wife bore him a baby girl on 10 January 1867. They promptly named her Leatha Jane (III). But the baby was not healthy and died the next day. Once more, a Martin child, "Leatha" had died.
But Leatha Jane II's twin brother Joseph Henry had gotten married (1866) and his wife Matilda surprised him wonderfully by giving him twin daughters on 30 May 1868 whom they named Leatha Jane Martin (IV) and Adaline Columbia Martin. The latest and last Leatha (IV) lived to the ripe old age of 80.
Leatha Jane (IV)'s dad would have loved to have lived to see her and her twin marry twin brothers, Tolbert and Jefferson Earnest. Tragically, her father Joseph Henry was killed in 1879 when a horse kicked him in the abdomen.
So lastly, I'll give the relationships of the 4 Leathas. Leatha II was the niece of Leatha I. Leatha III and Leatha IV were first cousins, both were nieces of Leatha II and both were great nieces of Leatha I.
MARTIN, James Orson: 1st cousin three times removed. Born 29 Dec 1827 in Roanoke County VA. He was the son of Jonathan Martin and Sallie Day.
** A first cousin (once removed), Walter Ryland Martin stated (in 1905) that "James Orson Martin was captured by the Yankees near Nashville TN and his whereabouts thereafter has never been known." It is reasonable to assume he died 1861-1865. James’ brothers John W. and Stephen were also killed in the War.
James married Jane Hayes Burkett and they had four sons before James went off to the War. They were: J T, Walter, Thomas and William Rufus. William was born in 1859, the others before that but I don’t have the dates. His widow remarried, to James Frederick Doherty, after 1865.
MARTIN, John W: 1st cousin three times removed. Born 19 Jun 1842 in Roanoke County VA to Jonathan Martin and Sallie Day of Appomattox County VA. He was killed in a Civil War battle in 1862. I surmise his brother Stephen died likewise. I do not know if he ever married. Their brother James was also killed in the War.
MARTIN, Stephen: 1st cousin three times removed. Born 29 Sep 1832 in Roanoke County VA, he was more than likely killed in a Civil War Battle on 24 April 1862. I have checked a comprehensive list of Civil War battles and find none on that date. There was a battle on 23 April 1862 at Grass Lick WV. The Yankees had 3 men killed in that battle but the Confederates did not report their casualties, if any. His brother John W. Martin died about the same time and I know that frequently brothers fought in the same outfit. I don’t know if Stephen ever married. Their brother James was also killed in the War.
So three of the four sons of Jonathan and Sallie never returned from the Civil War. Their youngest son, Charles W., born in 1849 was not in the War that I know of. Charles lived until 1922 and was a Justice of the Peace for forty years. Jonathan and Sallie also had four daughters: Jane, Mary “Molly,” Bettie and Kate.
MARTIN, Joseph IV: 1st cousin four times removed. I don’t have his birth/death dates. He was the son of Col. Joseph Martin and Sarah “Sallie” Hughes of Greenwood in Henry County VA. His brother Thomas was killed in the Civil War in 1862 and Joseph married Tom’s widow, Susan Pannill. Joseph was a cousin to General J E B Stuart of Civil War fame and when Joseph and Susan Pannill were married, General Stuart attended their wedding. I don’t know Joseph’s rank in the Confederate army. His brothers Thomas and William were also in the War. Joseph and Susan Pannill had at least one son, Joseph H Martin.
After the war, Joseph Martin, IV (Jr as he was known then), became an attorney and worked in Pittsylvania County VA during most of that time.
MARTIN, Thomas (Captain): 1st cousin four times removed. Born between 1820 and 1825, he was killed at the Battle of Malvern Hill near Richmond VA on 1 July 1862. He was married to Susan Pannill who later married Tom’s brother Joseph. In her book History of Henry County VA by Judith Park America Hill, she states that Tom was a Captain in the Confederate Army. I know of no children he had. His
brother William was a Colonel in the Confederate army.
Thomas and his brother William were the sons of Joseph Martin (III) and Sarah “Sallie” Hughes. Their father Joseph was one of the most prominent men in Henry County VA of that day. The county historian Judith Hill wrote this about their father:
“Joseph Martin was a farmer and later became a Colonel. He served as a member of the House of Delegates for many years and in the Senate for 8 years in the Virginia Legislature representing Henry County VA and was in the legislature as early as 1809. He served at the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1829-1830 when that constitution was revised.
“He was a presidential elector for President Monroe one time and twice for President Jackson. He was instrumental in promoting free schools for Virginia.
“He was a judge in Henry County for more than 25 years. At one time he owned large tracts of land and owned hundred of slaves. He was considered one of the richest men in Virginia at the time. He was a highly respected jurist, legislator and person. He died at Leatherwood, Henry County in 1850 after having eight daughters and four sons. His home place was known as ‘Greenwood.’ “
Thomas’ father was known as “Colonel” Joseph Martin. He was born in 1785 and would have been 27 when the War of 1812 started. I do not know if he were in that war or not. The Mexican-American War began in 1846 and he would have been 61 at that time and was not in that one. I don’t know where he got the title of Colonel and Ms. Hill does not explain that either. She simply stated “he later became a Colonel.” Maybe he was an honorary Colonel.
Thomas and his brother William were descended from General Joseph Martin of Revolutionary War fame. General Joe was their grandfather and he is not related to my (our) other Martin family. Valentine Martin of Cumberland County VA and his father Martin Martin and his father Thomas Martin and his father Nehemiah Martin are the forefathers of one of our Martin clans.
General Joseph Martin and his father Joseph Martin of Bristol England and his father William Martin of Bristol and his father John Martin are the forefathers of our other Martin clan.
MARTIN, William (Colonel): 1st cousin four times removed. Born 1814, died 1888.
In her book History of Henry County VA, Judith Park America Hill states that William Martin was born at Greenwood in Henry County and went to the University of Virginia. He became a lawyer and orator, also a member of the constitutional convention for Virginia of 1850-51. He was a Colonel in a Confederate regiment during the Civil War. When his brother Thomas was killed at the Battle of Malvern Hill in VA, William returned home and served as Commonwealth Attorney. He died in 1888.
He married Susan Maria Hairston who bore him 8 children, 5 daughters named Sallie Elizabeth, Louise Hardyman, Jane, Susan and Matilda and three sons, Samuel Hughes, George and Joseph.
MARTIN, Orson W: 2nd cousin three times removed. Born in 1831, to Orson Martin (V) and Judith Boatright, Orson was a Confederate soldier. He died from wounds received in the First Battle of Manassas. The date of that battle was 21 July 1861. He died 5 August 1861, which was 15 days after the battle. Orson had 8 siblings including several brothers, but I know of none of his brothers who served in the War.
MARTIN, Richard Hamilton: 1st cousin four times removed. Richard was born 11 April 1841 in Rutherford Co TN and died 6 June 1917 in Lincoln CO, MO. He was the son of Lewis (or Louis) Graves Martin and Alice Conn.
Richard H. joined the Confederate Army, signing up in Van Buren, AR, in 1862. He survived the War and married Analizon Eliza McCormick on 29 Oct 1868. They had 8 children: Louis Franklin (1869), Lula Isabel (1871), Luther L. (1874), Eva Alice (1876), George Max (1878), Joseph Thomas Avery (1881), Mary Susan “May” (1888), and Annie Hamilton (1893).
Annie and Richard H. MARTIN lived in Lincoln Co., MO until their deaths. Richard was a farmer.
MARTIN, Richard Shelton: 1st cousin three times removed. Born 12 Dec 1839 in Appomattox CO VA and died 26 Nov 1883 in KY. He was the son of Valentine Martin (V) and Elizabeth J Plunkett.
Richard married Sarah Elizabeth “Sallie Bet” Jones on 2 Feb 1865 and they had two children: Mamie E. and Hugh Melvin. Sallie Bet was related to us also as she was descended from Benjamin “Poplarfoot” Jones.
Richard Shelton Martin was a soldier in the Confederate Army and was wounded in battle. In checking records of Confederate soldiers in Richmond VA, I discovered a First Sgt. R. S. Martin in the 5th Regiment, aka George H. Stewart's Brigade, Pittsylvania Life Guards, aka Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles.
In this same company were Daniel Livingston Martin (my great grandfather, listed by his initials D. L. Martin), and First Lt. B R Martin (possibly D. L.'s brother, Benjamin Rush Martin who was killed 1 July 1862 in the battle of Malvern Hill near Richmond, VA.)
Richard Shelton Martin was from Appomattox County (near Pittsylvania County) and he and Daniel L. and Benjamin Rush Martin were first cousins.
After the Civil War, Richard S. and his next youngest brother Silas Hill Martin moved to Kentucky and there lived out their lives. While there, Richard married a second time to Louisa Harris of Broadhead KY. They had children, whose names I do not know.
Richard was a large tobacco manufacturer while in KY. This information was furnished by Judge Stephen Duval Martin of Lynchburg VA in 1959. Judge Stephen was the nephew of Richard Shelton and Silas Hill Martin.
MARTIN, William Plunkett: 1st cousin three times removed: Born 17 Aug 1836, William was killed during the Battle of Malvern Hill near Richmond VA on 1 July 1862. Also killed in this same battle was Benjamin Rush Martin, his first cousin. William was the son of Valentine Martin (V) and Elizabeth J Plunkett. William Plunkett’s brother Richard Shelton Martin was also a soldier in that War. I don’t think William was ever married.
MARTIN, William Watkins: 1st cousin four times removed. William was born 7 March 1845 and was killed 22 October 1863 in a battle of the Civil War. He was a Lieutenant in the Confederate Army.
He was a son of Major George Wythe Martin and his second wife, Caroline Hunt Watkins. William never married. He had 4 brothers each younger than he but none were in the War that I know of. His next youngest brother, George W. Martin born in 1847 “went west and was never heard of again.”
MINTER, Stephen Hubbard: ”Hub” was the husband of my half great-grand aunt Keturah "Kittie" R Armstrong (Kittie was the daughter of Theophilus Armstrong and Milly Burgess. She was the whole sister of Malinda Armstrong who married Daniel Livingston Martin). Hub was born in 1827 and died in 1907 and is buried with his wife at the True Vine Church Cemetery in Irisburg VA.
Hub served as an enlisted man in the 42nd Virginia Regiment, CSA. He and Kittie had eleven children who were:
(1) Mary A. Minter born about 1849. In the Henry County census for 1850, Mary Ann is listed as age "one" in the household of her parents, thus was born about 1849. In the 1870 census she is not listed at all in their household. Either she died or was married by 1870, most likely the latter. I did not check the 1860 census on the Minters.
(2) Luther Theo Minter born 12 Feb 1852. Married Ann S. Moore had 5 children, Cora C., Jennie J., Walter S., Mary Sue and James Cleveland.
(3) Matilda T. Minter (20 Oct 1853-1 Dec 1920). Married Abner M. Martin (1851-1915). Matilda was my half first cousin twice removed. She is related to me through her mother Keturah “Kittie” Armstrong, daughter of Theophilus Armstrong. Her husband Abner M Martin is my first cousin twice removed. Abner M.’s father was Stephen Lafayette Martin (1825- 1900). Stephen Lafayette was the brother of Daniel Livingston Martin (my great and great-great grandfather).
(4) Elizabeth “Bettie” Minter (1856-1928) married Henry M Land (1855-1934).
Our cousin Mary Cahill in her book Theophilus Armstrong of Henry County VA wrote "As a small child I remember cousin Bet Land and Henry, her husband from visits made with my mother to their home across the road from True Vine Church (Irisburg VA). You had to go across a wooden bridge that covered a creek to approach the house, which sort of sat on a knoll. The story goes that some neighborhood boys once took the family cow and boarded her up on the bridge one night. Old Henry was in a rage. He was known for being stingy and was hard to get along with. He sometimes came to our house on West Main Street in Danville to see mother and to sell vegetables.
Cousin Bet was a plump, pretty and pleasant old lady, quite deaf. She had a trumpet she put to her ear whenever you talked to her. They are both buried
at the True Vine (Irisburg United Methodist Church) in Irisburg.”
(5) Mildred Joyce “Millie” Minter born 12 Oct 1857.
(6) Martha Ann Minter born 12 January 1860.
(7) James Hubbard Minter born 15 September 1861.
(8) Jesse L. Minter born 26 December 1867.
(9) John H Minter, born 1869. John and his wife Kitty were living in Campbell County KY in 1907 when the estate of his father was settled.
(10) W. Edward Minter born 1871, married Excie.
(11) Ketura Minter born 11 November 1872.
Hub had 7 children when he went into the Confederate Army. Such zeal is rare in these days. He was 34 years old when that war began.
RICHARDSON, William Arnold: Great grandfather. William was born 5 December 1835 in Henry County VA and died 15 October 1913 in the same county.
He was the son of George W. Richardson and Clarissa Harvey Martin. William served in the Civil War and developed typhoid pneumonia. He came home, got married to Elizabeth “Bettie” Starling Armstrong and they had their first child, daughter Molly "Jo" in October 1863. He then built a log cabin on his father-in-law, Theophilus Armstrong‘s place.
After Jo was born he returned to active duty in the War and was at Fort Stillwell near Petersburg VA remaining there until the war ended in April 1865.
His brother, Major Jesse Richardson was wounded there and lived a month after that. William stayed with Jesse until he died. When William came home, he put Jesse's hat on the back door and by that act his mother knew that Jesse was dead.
William and Bettie had 9 children in all:
(1) Molly Josephine Richardson called “Jo” born 9 October 1863. Jo married George W. Hill. Her tombstone gives her date of birth as 1864 but the 1870 census states it was 1863. That census also states her name was Mary J Richardson. Many women named Mary had the nickname of "Molly."
(2) Clara Martin Richardson born 30 Jan 1865, died 30 March 1950. She married Thomas Jackson Martin (1866-1942). They were my dad’s parents. They had 8 children: (William Daniel, Thomas Jr., Jesse Shackelford, James, John Richardson, George Robert, Mary Elizabeth and Josephine Floyd called “Polly.
(3) James Armstrong Richardson born 15 December 1866, died 23 January 1913. James married Bettie Stephen Holland and had 3 children: Charles Holland, Hampton and Nannie Bessie, called Nannie. Nannie married Lewis Ferrell of Mecklenburg County VA and lived most of her life in South Hill in that county. I knew Nannie. She lived to be slightly over a hundred.
(4) Jesse Martin Richardson born 24 March 1868 and died about 1933. He married Beatrice Cahill.
(5) An unnamed child born 22 March 1870 and died shortly after that.
(6) William Theophilus Richardson, born 3 Feb. 1871 married Nannie Stone.
(7) George Thomas Richardson, born 25 Dec. 1872 married Betty Pearl Lester.
(8) John A. Richardson, born 1 April 1875 who died in 1901, unmarried.
(9) Ann Floyd Richardson born 16 December 1876. She married William David Young Cahill and had 4 children including Mary Magdalene who has written much on the Martin/Richardson/Cahill/Armstrong families. Her other children were William Starling “Pete,” Florence Henry and Herbert Astor.
William Arnold Richardson and his wife Bettie are buried at the old True Vine Church in Irisburg, Henry County VA. (Much of this information was contributed by Mary Cahill as told to her by her mother Ann Floyd Richardson Cahill).
Uncle Guinea married Molly Dyer who was immediately nicknamed “Duck.” He and Molly had no children. Guinea served in the Confederate army and was wounded in battle. His many nieces and nephews have numerous tales about him and his various escapades, among which was a love of the bottle.
RICHARDSON, Jesse Martin: Great Grand Uncle: Born 5 May 1837 in Henry County VA, he died from war wounds on 5 May 1865 on his 28th birthday. Jesse was the son of George W. Richardson & Clarissa Harvey Martin. He never married. He had been wounded several times in battle; once he was in the Confederate hospital in Danville VA until he recovered and went back to war.
He was at Fort Stillwell, near Petersburg VA and died in that area. His brother William Arnold remained with him after his last wounds until Jesse died. The War had been over almost a month when he died.
TURNER, John Tyler, Sr.: Great-grandfather: Born 9 June 1842 in Virginia, he died on 15 June 1900 in Rockingham County NC. He was the son of Stephen Terry Turner (1806-1861) and Nancy Doubet Gilley (1806-1902) of Henry County VA. He married Sarah Jane “Sallie” Dalton (17 Nov 1849-18 April 1928), daughter of Jefferson and Missouri Dalton.
He served in the Confederate army but I don’t know the dates or his rank. He died from tuberculosis, which the family said he contracted during the War.
John and Sallie had 6 children: Walter Alonza (5 Feb 1871), Jefferson Davis (1871), John Tyler, Jr (29 Nov 1874), Thomas Averett (6 Jan 1878), Roxie Anna (21 Aug 1879) and George Arthur (2 Mar 1882).
They lived in Rockingham County NC on Matrimony Creek.
TURNER, Monroe L: Great-Great Uncle: Born about 1830 in Franklin County VA. He died in Richmond VA on 24 December 1862 during the Civil War from pneumonia. He was a Confederate soldier. He was the son of Stephen Terry Turner (1806-1861) and Nancy Doubet Gilley (1806-1902) of Henry County VA. Monroe married Martha Leah Grant 13 December 1853 in Henry County. Martha was born about 1835 in Henry County VA and died in 1875 in Jefferson County Illinois.
Monroe and Martha had four children: Thomas A. Turner (18 October 1856), Ellen Turner (about 1857), Farley Turner (about 1859) and an unnamed child (about 1860).
Stephen Martin (1765-1857) and Esther Judith Boatright (1773-1857) had 10 children over a period of 20 years, 1796 to 1816. Eight of these were sons and two were daughters.
Four of their sons, Abner (1798), Jonathan (1803), James Orson (1804) and Valentine Martin (1809) had numerous sons and daughters.
Abner had 11 children, six sons and five daughters. 5 of Abner’s sons were in the Confederate army, 3 were killed or died during the war.
Jonathan had eight children, four girls and four boys. 3 of Jonathan’s sons were in the war and all three were killed.
James Orson had nine children, 7 boys and 2 girls. 2 of Orson’s boys were in the war and one was killed. Probably two more of his sons were in the war.
Valentine had nine children, 8 boys and one girl. 2 of Valentine’s sons were in the war and one was killed.
So we see these four brothers had a total of 37 kids, 25 boys and 12 girls. Of those 25 sons, at least twelve were in the Civil War. Abner had 5, Jonathan had 3, James Orson had 2 or 4, and Valentine had 2.
Of the 12 men we know were in the war, 8 were killed or died from battle wounds or sickness in the war. These young men were either brothers or first cousins of one another.
There were possibly two other young men from this group of brothers and first cousins in that war. When George Canning Martin was killed in 1864, his “brothers” sought for his body on the battlefield according to Miss Maye Foster, granddaughter of George Canning Martin. They did not find his body. This statement strongly suggests that at least “two” brothers looked for his body. I know that his brother Lafayette, called “Bud” was in the war so at least one other brother and maybe two others were also.
I am pointing out the enormity of that war on those families. The loss of one son in a family is devastating. How about 3 sons from one family? Abner Martin and his brother Jonathan each lost three sons. Jonathan only had four sons. Half of Abner’s 6 sons were lost.
So the loss of sons and nephews was more than I can imagine was bearable. At least Abner died in October 1861 before any of his sons died, but his widow Jane Jones Martin survived until 1881 and suffered the loss of all three.
I don’t know when Jonathan Martin or his wife Sallie Day died. Their last child Charles was born in 1849 but I have no further information on Jonathan or Sallie.
It seems to me that Stephen and Esther, grandparents of all these grandsons who died in that war, were blessed to have died in 1857 before the carnage began.
I guess much more could be written about these men and their lives. I have been intrigued by the number of my cousins, uncles and grandparents who were soldiers in the Civil War.
Everyone has 4 pairs of great-grandparents, which means 4 great grandfathers and 4 great grandmothers. Everyone should have 8 pairs of great-great grandparents, meaning 8 great-great grandfathers and 8 great-great grandmothers. Below is listed my 8 great-great grandfathers whom I have underlined:
Jesse Shackelford Martin (my father)
Thomas Jackson Martin (f/o Jesse) (my paternal grandfather)
Daniel Livingston Martin (f/o Thomas) (my paternal great grandfather)
(1) Abner Martin (f/o Daniel) (my paternal great-great grandfather)
Jesse Shackelford Martin (my father)
Thomas Jackson Martin (f/o Jesse) (my paternal grandfather)
Mary Susan Elisabeth Hankins (wife of DL Martin) (paternal grt gr’mother)
(2) John D Hankins (f/o Mary) (my paternal great-great grandfather)
Jesse Shackelford Martin (my father)
Clara Martin Richardson (m/o Jesse) (my paternal grandmother)
William Arnold Richardson (f/o Clara) (my paternal great grandfather)
(3) George W Richardson (f/o William) (my paternal great-great grandfather)
Jesse Shackelford Martin (my father)
Clara Martin Richardson (m/o Jesse) (my paternal grandmother)
Elizabeth Starling Armstrong (w/o Wm Richardson)(paternal great grandma)
(4) Theophilus Armstrong (f/o Elizabeth) (paternal great-great grandfather)
Ila Ann Turner (my mother)
John Tyler Turner, Jr. (f/o Ila) (my maternal grandfather)
John Tyler Turner, Sr. (f/o John Jr) (my maternal great grandfather)
(5) Stephen Terry Turner (f/o John Sr) (my maternal great-great grandfather)
Ila Ann Turner (my mother)
John Tyler Turner, Jr (f/o Ila) (my maternal grandfather)
Sarah Jane Dalton (m/o John Turner, Jr) (my great grandmother)
(6) Jefferson Dalton (f/o Sarah) (maternal great-great-grandfather)
Ila Ann Turner (my mother)
Lillie Ann Martin (w/o John Turner, Jr.) (my maternal grandmother)
John Lee Martin (f/o Lillie) (my maternal great grandfather)
(7) Daniel Livingston Martin (f/o John) (maternal great-great grandfather)
Ila Ann Turner (my mother)
Lillie Ann Martin (w/o John Turner, Jr.) (my maternal grandmother)
Anna Lee Bullington (m/o Lillie) (maternal great grandmother)
(8) Henry Bullington (f/o Anna) (maternal great-great grandfather)
I am sure you are thoroughly confused by this time. Of course you note in the eight groupings above that Daniel Livingston Martin appears twice, once as a great grandfather and another time as a great-great grandfather.
Theophilus Armstrong is only listed once above but he was also a 3rd great grandfather. He was father of Malinda Ann Armstrong who was Daniel Livingston Martin’s first wife and the mother of John Lee Martin. That makes Theophilus the maternal grandfather of John Lee Martin and since John Lee was my great grandfather, Theophilus was my 3rd great grandfather.
I guess our family was not the only one in those years to have inter-family marriages. There are instances of first cousins being married. Second cousin marriage was somewhat commonplace. There were numerous cases of siblings of one family marrying siblings of another family producing what we call double-first cousins. All of this produces some strange relationships. For example, here are the various relationships I am to myself (J. T. Martin‘s relationships to himself):
Half-second cousin once removed.
6th cousin once removed
14th cousin once removed
14th cousin twice removed
15th cousin once removed.
Considering the above relationships is somewhat amazing, but equally so is that each of my seven siblings bear the same relationship to me as I do to myself.
My own children have these relationships to me:
Half-second cousin twice removed.
6th cousin once removed
6th cousin twice removed
7th cousin once removed
15th cousin once removed.
There are numerous other examples that would bore you if I repeated them all. But I guess if we could compile a list of everyone (as the Mormon Church hopes to do) that we would find that we are related to everyone else.
Author’s note: Since writing the above, I have discovered names of four more cousin-soldiers named Reamy, four brothers. Here are my write-ups on them:
REAMY, Daniel Webster: First cousin five times removed. Daniel was born 18 August 1838 and died 2 June 1908. He was in the Confederate Army in Company H, 10th Virginia Cavalry.
Daniel was the son of Col. Daniel Reamy, Jr. and Susannah Lyne Starling. He married Bettie Dillard and they had three daughters: Annie, Lyne and Daisy. Daisy was born 22 December 1872. I am guessing that Daniel married his brother John’s widow, although I have no proof of this. John’s wife was named Elizabeth Dillard and she became a widow upon John’s death in August 1861. Daniel’s wife was named Bettie Dillard and “Bettie” is definitely a nickname for Elizabeth.” Daniel had two other brothers in the Confederate Army: Henry Clay who died from wounds received at the First Battle of Manassas and Peter Randolph who was a physician.
REAMY, Henry Clay: 1st cousin five times removed. Henry was born 7 April 1841 and died 18 September 1861. He served in the Confederate Army as an assistant surgeon at Manassas Junction, VA. He was called “Doctor” but I doubt that he was a physician since he was only 20 when he died.
Henry’s tombstone in Oakwood Cemetery in Henry County VA gives his dates of birth and death. The death date is barely legible showing 18 September 186_. We know he died at Manassas Junction or the first battle of Bull Run and that this battle took place on 21 July 1861. If he died 18 September 1861 then he died some 59 days after the date of the battle. Perhaps he was badly wounded and it took him this long to die.
His brother John Starling Reamy died as a result of this same battle. John died 6 August 1861, 17 days after the battle. It is strange that both died much later than the battle.
Since Henry died more than a month after his brother John died, I am guessing that Henry treated or helped treat John during and/or after the battle and then was wounded in some skirmish afterwards and died later.
Henry is buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Henry County but I do not believe John is buried there. If this is so, John was probably buried in the vicinity of the Manassas battlefield among other Confederate dead.
Henry never married. He and John were sons of Col. Daniel Reamy, Jr. and Susannah Lyne Starling. They had two other brothers who fought for the South and who survived the war. Their names were Peter Randolph Reamy, a medical doctor and Daniel Webster Reamy.
REAMY, John Starling: First cousin five times removed. John was born 25 November 1830 and died 6 August 1861. He was probably wounded at the First Battle of Bull Run or Manassas and died a few weeks later. That battle occurred 21 July 1861 but he did not die until 6 August 1861, some 16 days later. Family history states he died at Manassas Junction VA, the site of this battle and that he was one of four brothers who were in the Confederate Army. Both he and brother Henry Clay Reamy died at the First Battle of Manassas or Bull Run. The other two brothers, Daniel Webster and Peter Randolph, a physician survived the war.
John was the son of Col. Daniel Reamy, Jr. and Susannah Lyne Starling. John married Elizabeth Perkins Hairston Dillard on 12 October 1853 and they had four children: Susan Starling in 1853, Martha Ruth on 1 January 1857, Overton Redd in May 1859 and Samuel Hairston who was born in December 1861, 4 months after John died.
Statistics on the First Battle of Bull Ruin record that the Confederates had 209 killed and 1,483 wounded. The Union had 481 killed and 1,011 wounded.
REAMY, Peter Randolph: First cousin five times removed. Peter was born 12 January 1829 and died 1 June 1891. He was in the Confederate Army in Company H, 24th Virginia Regiment. He was a Captain in General Jubal Early's Division. I do not know when Peter enlisted in the Confederate Army but my guess is that he and his three brothers, John Starling, Daniel Webster and Henry Clay enlisted at the same time.
His brothers Henry and John died after wounds in the First Battle of Manassas (Bull Run). My guess is that Peter was in that same battle. He served with General Jubal Early and Early commanded troops during that First Battle of Bull Run. Usually brothers served in the same outfit if they enlisted at the same time.
Peter was the son of Col. Daniel Reamy, Jr. and Susannah Lyne Starling. He married Sarah “Sallie” Jane Waller on 31 July 1849 and they had eight children: Starling Overton on 15 May 1850, George Daniel in 1852, Florence in 1854, Susan in 1855, Henry Dupuy in 1857, John Randolph in 1859, Mary Eliza in 1861 and Sallie Jean on 30 January 1866.
I am sure that I had many other cousins who were soldiers in the Civil War. These I have written about here are the ones that I could readily locate.
There is a certain amount of pathos about the number of men who fought in this senseless war and the great number that died. As you will note from reading these accounts that many groups of brothers enlisted and more often than not it seems one or more of them did not return home alive.
Of the 59 men I have covered in this account, 27 of them died during or as a result of that war. That is a whopping 45%. Look at the following list:
6 Aug 1861: John Starling Reamy 18 Sep 1861: Henry Clay Reamy
22 Jan 1862: John Floyd Martin 24 Apr 1862: John W Boatright
24 Apr 1862: Stephen Martin 1 Jul 1862: Benjamin Rush Martin
1 Jul 1862: Capt. Thomas Martin 1 Jul 1862: Wm Plunkett Martin
August 1862: Orson Martin, VI 10 Sep 1862: Linier L Boatright
10 Sep 1862: Wm Cleaton Boatright 5 Oct 1862: Joseph H Armstrong
25 Nov 1862: James S Boatright 24 Dec 1862: Monroe L Turner
1862: John W Martin 10 Jan 1863: Chesley H Boatright
11 Jan 1863: Chesley Taylor Boatright 22 Oct 1863: Wm Watkins Martin 24 Mar 1864: John Milton Martin 6 May 1864: James Armstrong
30 Jul 1864: George Canning Martin 19 Aug 1864: Sam Orson Boatright
5 May 1865: Jesse Martin Richardson 10 May 1865: Jos. Addison Martin
(The last two men died of wounds or sickness incurred during the war)
1865: Joseph Marion Boatright 1865: Brice Martin, III
1861-1865: James Orson Martin
This completes my work on these ancestors. God bless them and you!
 Chimborazo Hospital, Richmond, VA
(From the Richmond VA Battlefield publication)
Richmond VA was flooded with casualties after the first battle of Manassas, which quickly overwhelmed the existing hospitals. Wounded were treated in any space available - hotels, private homes, even barns. Realizing that a long war and thousands more casualties lay ahead, Southern leaders ordered the construction of five general hospitals in Richmond to treat the military's injured and ill. The National Park Service Visitor Center now stands on the site of the most famous of those institutions -- the "hospital on the hill," Chimborazo.
According to local legend, the name "Chimborazo" comes from a volcano in Ecuador. A Richmonder who had visited South America compared that volcano with this hill, one of the largest in the area, and the name became widely used in the city. Chimborazo hill was an excellent site for a medical facility for several reasons. Its location near the James River was convenient for the transportation of supplies on the Kanawha canal. Fresh water was readily available from natural springs, plus dug wells and steep slopes on three sides of the hill afforded good drainage.
Opened in October of 1861, the hospital covered over forty acres and operated between 75 and 80 wards grouped into five separate divisions Each ward was a hut made of whitewashed pine boards that housed up to forty patients, giving the entire hospital a capacity of over 3,000. Every division had its own laundry, kitchen and bathhouse, and a central bakery and dairy serviced the entire facility, making Chimborazo one of the Confederacy's best-equipped hospitals as well as one of the largest. Directly outside the grounds was the J.D. Goodman brewery and the city's Oakwood Cemetery.
More than 76,000 Confederate sick and wounded were treated here. Chimborazo had a patient mortality rate of 20 percent; dismal by today's standards, but quite good in terms of nineteenth century medicine, before the days of antibiotics, antiseptic surgery and widespread understanding of germ theory. Indeed, it was viewed by Confederate leaders as one of the finest hospitals their new nation possessed.
Chimborazo hospital was innovative, pioneering several new techniques in medicine. Its use of separate wards allowed patients to be grouped together by state - a forerunner of the ward system in modern hospitals.
In 1862, faced with a shortage of hospital staff, the Confederate government authorized the hiring of females as matrons and ward attendants. Phoebe Pember, author of A Southern Woman's Story was one of several women who worked in the wards of Chimborazo. "The service of these ladies," said one surgeon, "added very materially to the comfort of the sick" and marked one of the earliest full-scale entries by women into a profession they soon dominated -- nursing.
Chimborazo's greatest asset was its chief surgeon, Dr James McCaw. A professor at the Medical College of Virginia before the war, McCaw proved to be an exceptional administrator. As with the rest of the South, Chimborazo was continually plagued with supply shortages. The ravages of war on the countryside and the general inefficiency of the Confederate Quartermaster Department combined to prevent the hospital from getting needed supplies. Some wards had to be closed because of a lack of straw used to make mattresses, and the shortages of basic foodstuffs (salt, coffee, meat, flour) forced the hospital bakery to close in the winter of 1864-1865.
Dr. McCaw ably managed his available resources, much to Chimborazo's benefit. He rented land near the hospital to pasture cows and grow a garden, providing his patients with a small but steady stream of fresh vegetables, cheese and milk When soap was scarce, Chimborazo made its own, using grease from the hospital kitchens. McCaw even purchased two canal boats to speed the shipment of foodstuffs from outlying farms. Through his efforts, the "hospital on the hill" was able to fill many of its own needs and continue functioning.
Chimborazo hospital was not a wonderful sight to behold. With insufficient soap or staff for cleaning, the wards were constantly "littered with piles of dirty rags, blood and water." In the summer, the heat made the odor and the flies almost unbearable. Yet, it must be remembered that this hospital faced a monumental task and significant problems with accomplishing that task.
Under the leadership of Dr. McCaw, Chimborazo overcame most of its difficulties and provided the Confederacy with valuable service, an achievement which one author wrote, "may fairly be called one of the most noteworthy achievements in military medicine in American history."
 An account of the Battle at Drewry’s Bluff, Richmond VA from the Richmond VA Battlefield publication:
As capital of the newly formed Confederate States of America, Richmond, Virginia, became the constant target of northern armies. During the four years of the Civil War, Union generals made repeated attempts to capture the city by land. Richmond, however, was vulnerable by water as well as by land. Gunboats could navigate the James River all the way to Richmond. The key to the city's river defenses lay in a small fort only seven miles south of the capital. Known throughout the south as Drewry's Bluff, northern troops referred to it as Fort Darling.
Drewry's Bluff-Key to the River Defenses
Drewry's Bluff, named for local landowner Captain Augustus H. Drewry, rose 90 feet above the water and commanded a sharp bend in the James River, making it a logical site for defensive fortifications. On March 17,1862, the men of Captain Drewry's Southside Artillery arrived at the bluff and began fortifying the area. They constructed earthworks, erected barracks, dug artillery emplacements, and mounted three large seacoast guns (one 10-inch Columbiad and two 8-inch Columbiads) in the fort.
On May 9,1862, Norfolk fell to Union forces. The crew of the C.S.S. Virginia, forced to scuttle their vessel to prevent her capture, joined the Southside Artillery at Drewry's Bluff. Commander Ebenezer Farrand supervised the defenses of the fort. He ordered numerous steamers, schooners, and sloops to be sunk as obstructions in the river beneath the bluff. Six more large guns occupied pits just upriver from the fort. Men worked around the clock to ensure a full state of readiness when the Union fleet arrived.
The Federal squadron steamed around the bend in the river below Drewry's Bluff early on the morning of May 15. The force, under Commander John Rodgers, consisted of five ships. The ironclad Galena and gunboats Port Royal, Aroostook, and Naugatuck joined the famous Monitor to comprise Rodgers' force. At 7:15 a.m. the Galena opened fire on the fort, sending three giant projectiles toward the Confederate position.
The five Union ships anchored in the river below the fort. When Confederate batteries in the fort replied, the whole vicinity shook with the concussion of the big guns. Southern infantry lined the banks of the river to harass the sailors. On the Monitor, the rifle balls of the sharpshooters "pattered upon the decks like rain."
On the bluff the defenders encountered several problems. The 10-inch Columbiad recoiled so violently on its first shot that it broke its carriage and remained out of the fight until near the end. A casemate protecting one of the guns outside the fort collapsed, rendering that piece useless.
After four long hours of exchanging fire, the "perfect tornado of shot and shell" ended. With his ammunition nearly depleted, Commander Rodgers gave the signal to discontinue the action at 11:30. His sailors suffered at least 14 dead and 13 wounded, while the Confederates admitted to 7 killed and 8 wounded. A visitor wrote that the Galena "looked like a slaughterhouse" after the battle. The massive fort on Drewry's Bluff had blunted the Union advance just seven miles short of the Confederate capital. Richmond remained safe.
Expansion at Drewry's Bluff 1862-1864
Following the repulse of the Union flotilla in May 1862, Drewry's Bluff saw no battle action for two years. Captain Sydney Smith Lee (General Robert E. Lee's brother) took command of the site and supervised its expansion and strengthening into a permanent fort. While some workers constructed an outer line of entrenchments to protect the land approach to Richmond, others built improvements for the fort, including a chapel, barracks, and quarters for the officers.
During this time, Drewry's Bluff became an important training ground for the Confederate Naval Academy and the Confederate Marine Corps Camp of Instruction. In May 1864, the fresh threat of an attacking Union force disrupted the daily routine at Drewry's Bluff.
Drewry's Bluff in the Bermuda Hundred Campaign, 1864
On May 5, 1864, Union Major General Benjamin F. Butler and his Army of the James landed at Bermuda Hundred, a neck of land only 15 miles south of Richmond. Marching overland, they advanced within three miles of Drewry's Bluff by May 9. While several Union regiments did manage to capture the fort's outer defenses, delays by Union generals spoiled the success. Confederate infantry under General P. G. T. Beauregard seized the initiative and successfully counterattacked on May 16. Once more a Union drive on Richmond met defeat at Drewry's Bluff. Drewry’s Bluff and that area remained an integral part of Richmond's defense until the fall of Petersburg in April 1865.
It was in this battle of 16 May 1864 that my Great Grand Uncle James Armstrong was killed.
Drewry's Bluff at the End of the War
The garrison at Drewry's Bluff took part in the evacuation of Richmond and Petersburg on April 2-3, 1865. Soldiers, sailors, and marines from the fort joined the movement westward, ultimately surrendering at Appomattox Court House. Many of the sailors served as infantry during the fighting along the way.
Union forces quickly cleared a path through the obstructions in the James River beneath Drewry's Bluff. On April 4, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln passed the fort on his way up the James to visit Richmond.
 I cannot verify that Chesley H. was a minister. His first cousin twice removed, Chesley Hood Boatright was a native of Virginia, and came to Madison County Arkansas as a missionary of the Baptist Church when the country was only sparsely settled. He established the first Baptist Church in Northwest Arkansas, and was one of the best-known men in the Cherokee Nation. Chesley Hood Boatright was ordained a Baptist minister in 1833 at the Hebron Church, Knox County, Tennessee.
Chesley Hood the preacher had a son named Chesley Taylor Boatright in 1834 and he was definitely in the Confederate Army, served in Waul's Legion, Company "A," C.S.A., from Texas. The family states Chesley Taylor was killed in the war on 10 January 1863, which is the same date that Chesley H. was murdered. I personally think some researchers have confused these two men who were second cousins once removed. Of course they could have both died the same date. The research I found stated Chesley Taylor died in Madison County Arkansas, the same place as Chesley H. The newspaper reporter said he investigated and confirmed that Chesley H. was a Presbyterian minister so maybe he was.
 James Fagan and the three Baber brothers were all from Clark County KY and were second cousins. They shared common great-grandparents, John Martin and Rachel Pace. John and Rachel’s daughter Hannah Delilah married Obadiah Baber. John and Rachel’s daughter Jane married Joseph Lawrence Stevens. Hannah and Obadiah had a son named Thomas Baber who was father of the three Baber brothers. Jane and Joseph had a daughter named Catherine “Kitty” Stevens who married Steven Fagan. Steven was the father of James Fagan, the General. James Fagan was just 10 years old when his parents moved from Clark County KY to Arkansas.
 Here is a brief biography on General Beall: His full name was William Nelson Rector Beall. He was born 20 March 1825, in Bardstown KY and died 25 July 25 1883 in McMinnville TN.
Before the Civil War Beall graduated from West Point in 1848 served on frontier duty as Captain in the 1st Cavalry. During the Civil War from August 1861 he was Captain of cavalry in the Regular Confederate Army, served in Arkansas. In April 1862 was a Brig. General commanded at Port Hudson. He was a Confederate agent in New York, purchasing supplies for prisoners of war. After the war he was released August 1865. Following the war he was a career merchant.
 The information about the date of Rush's death is not fully correct. The Battle of Malvern Hill took place on 1 July 1862 and the family history said he died 27 March 1862. The family either made a mistake about which battle he was killed in or about the date of the battle. The battle was definitely on July 1st and I suspect that is the date of his death.
 From March through September of 1862, Union general George McClellan attempted to go up the Virginia Peninsula and take Richmond, hoping to end the Civil War. McClellan was so lethargic and timid that his immensely larger forces did not accomplish their goal.
The Confederates defending Richmond fought a series of battles later named the “Seven Day’s Battles” in the Richmond area. The last one was the Battle of Malvern Hill fought on 1 July 1862.
On the 29th of June, the Union 5th Army Corps under Major General
Fitz John Porter selected the ground just north of Turkey Creek, which
consisted of rolling hills and deep ravines making up the landscape of the Crew
House, also known as Malvern. Malvern
Hill drops off deeply making it an easily defendable site and can be held with
only a small body of troops.
Porter’s forces had at least a hundred pieces of artillery and he placed this on the grounds at Crew House. Those along the crest could easily mow down the Rebels who might charge up the deep ravines.
On the morning of July 1st, Confederate Major General T. J. “Stonewall” Jackson came to General Robert E. Lee’s headquarters in that area. The Confederate’s major officers had been waiting for Jackson's arrival. The entire Confederate High Command, consisting of Generals Lee, Longstreet, A. P. Hill (Ambrose Powell Hill) and Daniel Harvey Hill. General Lee had openly shown his disappointment concerning the previous day’s battle at White Oak Swamp and now expressed his desire to attack McClellan and seemed impatient to get it done.
General Jackson rode up with a salute but said nothing to the group. He listened as Longstreet made a sarcastic comment about Harvey Hill's concern about assaulting the massive Federal concentration on Malvern Hill. (It was no secret that General Daniel Harvey Hill was the brother-in-law of Stonewall Jackson). As Hill was about to express his resentment over the joke to Old Pete (as General James Longstreet was known), Lee interrupted to announce that he would use Major General Jackson, Magruder, and Huger's soldiers to make the final push on McClellan. Lee was sending in nineteen brigades, roughly 30,000 men accompanied by artillery directly into the teeth of the Yankees.
Confederate Colonel Stapleton Crutchfield, the artillery expert was sick and had not reported for duty. Jackson felt he must personally direct the placement of the artillery for this fight and Lee agreed with him. It had taken the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia almost all day to bring a large force to face the strong positions of the Federal 5th Corps. Early on the morning of Tuesday, the first of July, General George McClellan rode up to Porter's headquarters and approved the disposition of his troops.
The Federal batteries consisted of fifty-three pieces of artillery strategically placed and fell under the direction of Brigadier General Charles Griffin, a highly skilled artillery officer and West Point Graduate.
General Thomas J. Stonewall Jackson's troops pressed forward in obedience with instructions from General Lee. However withering fire from the Union guns decimated the charging Rebels. Jackson dismounted and was sittings on a stump penciling a message to Major General JEB Stuart about making contact with the enemy when a shell exploded nearby killing a few soldiers and splattering dirt all over the paper he was writing on. Jackson simply brushed it off without ever lifting his head and continued to write.
The futile assault by the Confederate forces ended in what Old Pete later wrote was “murder.” General D. H. Hill (“Harvey” to his friends), a deeply religious man, lost over 1500 troops in that battle. Total Confederate losses exceeded 5500 men. General Harvey Hill had advised against assaulting the Federals in their impregnable position and Longstreet certainly agreed with him.
In this Battle of Malvern Hill, the Martin family lost three valiant sons: Benjamin Rush Martin of Henry CO VA and his first cousin William Plunkett Martin of Appomattox CO VA and Captain Thomas Martin of Henry CO VA. Thomas was not related to the other two Martins but all three were related to me.
 There is a Scottish ballad named Annie Laurie of worldwide fame. It goes like this:
(Words by William Douglas & Lady John Scott / tune by Lady John Scott)
·Maxwellton braes are bonnie,
Where early fa's the dew,
And 'twas there that Annie Laurie
Gave me her promise true.
Gave me her promise true,
Which ne'er forgot will be,
And for bonnie Annie Laurie,
I lay me doon and dee.
·Her brow is like the snowdrift,
Her throat is like a swan,
Her face it is the fairest
That e'er the sun shone on.
That e'er the sun shone on,
And dark blue is her ee,
And for bonnie Annie Laurie
I lay me doon and dee.
·Like dew on th' gowan lying,
Is the fa' o' her fairy feet,
And like winds in summer sighing
Her voice is low and sweet.
Her voice is low and sweet,
And she's a' the world to me,
And for bonnie Annie Laurie,
I lay me doon and dee.
A beautiful melody of this song is available online at http://ingeorg/songs/annielau.html
There is a long dissertation on how this song came into being if you are interested. It is available at the following website: http://mysongbook.de/msb/songs/a/annilaur.html